What is a herniated disc?

The discs between the vertebrae act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae in the back and support our upper body. At the same time, it has important effects on our wide range of motion. If a disc deforms, changes its location or puts pressure on the spinal cord, we define it as a herniated disc. Dear patients, in this article, I will tell you what you need to know about herniated disc. What are the symptoms of lumbar hernia?, How to treat lumbar hernia?, What is good for lumbar hernia? While giving answers to questions such as, I will also provide important information about the ways to prevent herniated disc in this process.

Beware: Studies show that approximately 4% of low back pain is a sign of herniated disc. For this reason, people with low back pain should evaluate other possibilities before suspecting a herniated disc and go to a specialist accordingly. In short, not every back pain is a herniated disc.

What are the Symptoms of Lumbar Hernia?

Low back pain is among the common symptoms of herniated disc, but in cases where other symptoms that I will mention below accompany low back pain, a specialist should be consulted.

If I need to talk about the common symptoms of herniated disc;

Backache:Low back pain symptoms may not always be seen in hernia, but the general definition of patients with hernia-related pain is that this pain is in the form of throbbing.

Pain in one or both legs: Leg pain caused by herniated disc is more severe and challenging than low back pain. Pain radiating along the large sciatic nerve at the back of the leg indicates a herniated disc.

Numbness, loss of sensation and tingling in the feet:Numbness and loss of sensation in the feet and legs may occur as a result of the pressure of the herniated disc, which causes herniated disc, on the nerves.

Fatigue quickly:Difficulty in walking for a long time, increased desire to sit after walking longer than 500 meters should be examined as a sign of lumbar hernia.

Urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence:Herniated disc can cause dysfunction of bladder muscles.

impotence in men: Sexual dysfunctions can be considered as a hernia symptom in some cases.

In addition, symptoms such as loss of strength in the legs and loss of balance while moving may indicate a herniated disc.

 

How is hernia treated?

Dear patients, surgery is the last treatment method in the treatment of lumbar hernia. If lumbar hernia is diagnosed at the initial stage, it is possible to keep the process comfortably under control with some changes in the daily routine and supportive treatments.

Treatment of Lumbar Hernia in the Initial Stage

People with early-diagnosed herniated disc problems need to take various precautions in their lives. I would like to talk about these measures in some detail.

  • People with lumbar hernia problems should definitely not lift heavy.

  • It is very important for patients not to lean forward or to the side as well as avoid sudden movements.

  • Using lumbar support and taking short walks every 20 minutes when sitting for a long time are very effective in terms of the progression of hernia.

  • Upward or sideways reaching movements should be avoided.

  • Avoiding stress is also important for herniated disc.

Pay Attention: Dear patients, people with lumbar hernia problem are recommended to lie on a hard floor. However, this is quite wrong information. Lumbar hernia patients should sleep in an orthopedic bed.

Progressive Lumbar Hernia Treatment

Treatment planning is made in order to stop the progression of the problem with different methods, especially rest, in the problem of herniated disc that is diagnosed late or continues to progress despite all the measures taken. Dear patients, surgery is always seen as the last option in the treatment of herniated disc. Surgical treatment of lumbar hernia has a low percentage of 2-3%, in addition to other treatment methods. For this reason, you should not consider surgery as the first option when you have a herniated disc problem.

Medication

In the treatment of lumbar hernia, drugs are used to increase the quality of life of the person. It is possible for people with progressive lumbar hernia to have a more comfortable life with muscle relaxants, painkillers and drugs that will solve this problem if there is inflammation in the area. However, in advanced cases of herniated disc, especially if there is loss of movement; It is necessary to control the progress with additional treatments such as physical therapy and injections, and to make important changes in the lifestyle that will relieve the waist area.

Physiotheraphy

If the complaints continue and progress after medication and rest in the treatment of herniated disc, physical therapy should be considered. It is very important for the person to comply with all the recommendations in these treatments, which should be performed by physical therapists. It should not be forgotten that the amount of pain may increase in the first few days of treatment, but the effects of the treatment will appear in the following periods. Within the scope of physical therapy, a treatment called nucleoplasty, which is based on giving radiofrequency waves to the herniated disc with a needle, may also need to be applied.

Injection

Injection applications are preferred to reduce the effects of lumbar hernia, to provide relief of the region and to eliminate inflammation, if any.

Operation

If advanced problems such as the continuation of the decrease in the quality of life of the person, thinning of the legs and serious loss of strength occur despite all treatments, and the possibility of the person being bedridden, surgical treatment of herniated disc may be considered.

 

Beware: Herniated disc is not a problem that needs to be removed by surgery. Surgery should be seen as a last resort and should be performed at the point where it is decided that there is really no intervention to be done.

What Is Good For Back Hernia?

Dear patients, one of the questions I hear frequently from you, “What is good for herniated disc?” I want to answer your question in this article. If you have a herniated disc problem and want to prevent this problem from progressing, you should take care to follow the advice I have given.

  • Avoid lying face down.

  • If you will be driving long distances or sitting, choose lumbar support.

  • Take care to do exercises that will strengthen the waist area.

  • If you are overweight, lose weight to reduce the weight on the spine.

  • Reduce smoking and alcohol use. Try to stop smoking completely.

  • Be sure to bend over instead of reaching forward, sideways, and backwards.

  • When it is necessary to lift weights from the ground, bend the knees and squat and give the weight to the knees.

  • If you are an office worker, take 1-2 minute walks at 20-minute intervals.

  • If you have a job where you work with muscle strength, do not forget to rest your back, perform the carrying movements in the ways I recommend above.

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