WHAT IS A HEART ATTACK? WHAT SHOULD WE DO AND WHAT SHOULD WE CONSIDER AFTER?

Heart attack, They are blockages in the coronary vessels that feed the heart. In most cases, this blockage occurs when a clot forms on top of the narrowing of the arteries called atherosclerosis. It may occur with contractions called spasm in less vessels. These drugs can trigger drugs.

Heart attack It still remains a common disease in men. Today, the rate of heart attack in women is still half as low as in men; however, there has been a serious downward trend in male mortality rates in recent years. There is no decrease in women, but an increase is observed due to increased smoking and diabetes rates. While the rate of women who die from heart attacks in Turkey is 384 per hundred thousand, this number is below 200 in developed countries.

During the crisis, the heart muscle becomes unable to perform its necessary functions due to insufficient oxygen intake. As the time increases, the heart muscle begins to lose function irreversibly. The biggest reason for the patient’s death during a heart attack is the deterioration of the rhythm of the heart, which cannot receive enough energy. When this rhythm disorder starts to prevent the heart from making adequate blood circulation, the patient first feels extreme fatigue and weakness. If the situation does not improve, the patient becomes unconscious. If the deterioration in cardiac functions progresses too far, this time the patient may come to us with heart pump failure or infarction complications.

For whatever reason, the sooner it is reopened after the blockage, the less damage will occur to the heart. So the sooner people notice a heart attack and go to the hospital, the less damage is done. Patients should be opened in the hospital with vasodilating clot-dissolving therapy and angiographic diagnosis, and interventional balloon and stenting methods according to the clinical status and time of admission.

The most obvious symptom of a heart attack is chest pain. Although chest pain can be a pressure in the middle of the chest, it can also be felt in the back, shoulder, neck and abdomen. People with certain neurological problems, especially diabetes patients, may not have pain. These patients may have the equivalent of chest pain such as shortness of breath, feeling of distress, nausea, vomiting, sweating. After the pain, the main symptoms are shortness of breath, palpitations, distress, cold sweats, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness and fainting.

Considering that there is a heart attack, the first thing to do is to put the patient in a safe position. If he is driving, the car must be pulled over immediately. They should ensure that they do not lose control and harm themselves and those around you. The patient should be seated. Then it is important to inform the people around you who can help you. In addition, help can be requested by calling the 112 emergency line. If you have aspirin at home, one should be chewed. If you feel irregularity, acceleration or slowing down in your heartbeat, you can try to regulate or normalize your heartbeat by coughing. Deaths from heart attacks were reduced by 23% by chewing aspirin during an attack. Taking sublingually in a heart attack does not prevent a heart attack, but it does increase blood flow. Every time a heart attack is suspected, the patient should take him to the hospital; The fact that the symptoms of a heart attack are very mild does not change the severity of the attack.

Bad outcomes of heart attacks are related to the amount of tissue lost. The less damage, the less problems will occur. While a severe crisis can lead to failure and death, limited crises experienced repeatedly may not affect the patient’s life. Therefore, it is vital to apply treatments to reduce damage in patients and to apply them as soon as possible.

Compliance with preventive methods after a heart attack should be maintained for life. It is important to regulate the preventable risk factors of the disease. It is vital to combat and control diabetes, hypertension, smoking, high cholesterol, inactivity, which are the most important risk factors. In addition, regular controls and regular use of drugs directly affect the quality and duration of life after a heart attack.

There is no limit to the number of times a person can have a heart attack. This is related to the total loss of heart functions of the patient. If the occluded vessel can be opened within the first hour, there may be no damage to the patient’s heart. The longer the restoration of blood flow is delayed, the more damage the heart will take. As the damage rate increases, the death rate of the patient due to heart failure increases. The main cause of death in a heart attack is heart rhythm problems.
    

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