What is a dental abscess and how is it treated?

A tooth abscess is a locally painful sac filled with inflammation (pus) that concerns the root and surrounding tissues of the tooth.

Let’s first consider the gingival abscess developed due to periodontal (gingival) problems. The main cause of gum abscesses is poor oral hygiene. Gum abscess occurs when pockets form between the teeth and gums. Harmful bacteria in the mouth develop in this pocket, and pus-filled vesicles form at one or more points. The gums are made healthy by the dentist, and drug treatment can be applied at the same time. At the same time, it is very important for the patient to pay attention to oral hygiene by helping the physician and to continue cleaning after the treatment.

In addition, an abscess may develop with the penetration of a foreign body into the gingiva. For example, if a hard object such as a fish bone or nut shell is stuck in the gum, it causes an abscess to form in that area. The sinking object must be removed. However, it is a safer method for the treatment to be carried out by the dentist.

Another reason for the formation of a tooth abscess is the inflammation of the tooth pulp, namely the pulp. As a result of advanced tooth decay or a broken tooth, harmful bacteria reach the pulp. An abscess occurs when bacteria reach the pulp and spread to the nearest gum tissue and even to the bone. In the past, the only treatment for an abscessed tooth was extraction. Under certain circumstances, tooth extraction may still be appropriate. However, nowadays, dentists usually heal the abscessed teeth with drug treatment together with root canal treatment.

If left untreated, it can turn into serious ailments such as osteomyelitis. In advanced cases, it even turns into cysts or pierces the facial skin and empties into the external environment.

We can briefly list the symptoms of tooth abscess as follows;

* Persistent toothache is the main symptom of tooth abscess.
* Recent severe irritation of the gingiva may be associated with a dental abscess.
* The inflammation in the tooth abscess causes a very bad smell and bad breath. At times, it creates an ugly taste in the mouth.
* Pain increases when touching hot foods.
Even the smallest jaw movements can cause a lot of pain.
* Swelling can be seen inside the mouth
* Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck area is also among the symptoms.

As we physicians always repeat, early diagnosis facilitates the work of both the patient and the physician. My most important advice to you is to go to the dentist regularly.

I wish you healthy days.


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