What Foods Should You Avoid or Limit During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy is a very special period that brings many physical and mental changes. Although the growth of a new creature inside them excites the expectant mothers, it also brings some concerns: What should I consume during my pregnancy, what should I not consume…

The only source of nutrition for babies in the womb is their mother. The quality and quantity of what pregnant mothers consume affect the health of both mother and baby. Therefore, extra attention should be paid to nutrition during pregnancy. Milk, yogurt, cheese to get enough calcium during pregnancy; meat group, legumes to meet iron and protein; whole grain products for necessary energy and B group vitamins; We know or often hear that it is necessary to consume plenty of colorful vegetables and fruits for the necessary vitamins and minerals. However, another issue that is as important as the foods that should be consumed during pregnancy is the foods that should not be consumed during pregnancy. Consumption of certain foods and substances during pregnancy poses a risk to maternal and infant health.

Definitely one of the things to avoid during pregnancy. alcohol is coming. Alcohol consumption should be completely stopped during pregnancy. Alcohol causes miscarriage and stillbirth. Also during this period from cigarettesYou also need to stay away.

excessive intake during pregnancy caffeine can harm the baby. Therefore, it contains caffeine. tea and coffee consumption should be strictly limited. In addition, chocolate, cocoa, Cokeproducts also contain caffeine.

Mothers who limit tea and coffee during pregnancy turn to herbal teas. However, especially during pregnancy to herbal teas need attention. for example sage, cassia, basil, raspberry, linseed teas such as miscarriage, premature birth, bleeding during pregnancy and increased uterine contraction can cause consequences. Linden, chamomile, fennel, mint, rosehip can be drunk during pregnancy. However, it would be appropriate to limit them to 2 cups a day and drink them without waiting after brewing. During pregnancy, it is beneficial not to consume any herbal tea without the approval of the doctor.

Unpasteurized milk and foods made with it Listeria bacteria can become infected and cause infection, which increases the risk of miscarriage during pregnancy, newborn infection, premature birth and death of the baby in the womb. The pasteurization process destroys this bacteria. Therefore, pasteurized milk should be preferred. Foods such as cheese and yoghurt produced from raw milk should also not be consumed. .

Listeria risk raw or undercooked meat/chicken/fish products There is also. There is also a risk of toxoplasma infection in raw meat products, which can endanger the life of the baby during pregnancy and cause birth anomalies. In this process, it is necessary to consume meat products by cooking them thoroughly so that there is no pinkness in them.

In a raw egg There is a risk of salmonella. Against this risk of contamination, eggs should be cooked thoroughly and consumed. Also made using raw eggs mayonnaiseSweets should not be consumed either.

Unwashed fruits and vegetables There is also a risk of infection. Fruits and vegetables should be eaten after washing them thoroughly.

Seafood containing heavy metals damage the baby’s nervous system. Containing high amounts of heavy metals mackerel, swordfish, shark and tilefish should not be preferred during pregnancy. Although it is a good source of omega 3 and protein, it would be appropriate to limit fish to 2 per week during pregnancy.

Liver It is a food containing a high amount of vitamin A. Excess vitamin A has a toxic effect and can cause poisoning and birth anomalies. Sometimes, liver, which is a good source of iron, can be consumed in certain amounts during pregnancy, but it should be limited due to the risk of this toxic effect of vitamin A.

As the rate of processing increases in production, the rate of microbe contamination increases. Sausage, salami, sausage, etc. processed meat products should not be preferred during pregnancy. In addition, these products cause edema during pregnancy due to their high sodium content.

Containing high levels of sugar, fat, and additives soda, canned juices , as perennial canned, junk food It is beneficial to stay away from all kinds of ready-made foods during pregnancy. Moreover products containing lots of sugar, simple carbohydrates cake, cake, pastry, sorbet, frying etc. Although the products contain high calories, they do not benefit either the mother or the baby. However, the weight that comes with these abundant calories jeopardizes the health of both.

Pickles, some cheese and olives, chips, some sauces and prepared foods It causes edema because they contain high salt from there. During pregnancy, less salty pickles, cheese, olives should be preferred.

In this way, we can limit the foods that should not be consumed during pregnancy under the main headings. I talked about it in general, but there are some nutrients that I often hear from my clients and in the questions I receive: In pregnancy ……. so that I can consume it… While I’m dealing with this issue, I would like to clarify those foods. Maybe there are expectant mothers who are curious besides those who ask me. In this way, the question marks in their minds will be gone.

?During pregnancy, “quince, avocado, honey, pollen, fish, bitter food, pear, almond, seed, pumpkin seed, walnut, chips, chocolate, liver, strawberry, green tea, tomato, ice cream, apple, bread, grapefruit, date, carrot, Can you eat peach, hamburger, fig, jelly beans, chestnut, lemon, chickpea, Turkish delight, mushroom, mussel, banana, tangerine, parsley, pomegranate, cheese, tahini, potato, sausage, salami, garlic, raisin, pickle?

Quince, pear, strawberry, waterfall, tomato, apple, grapefruit, carrot, mushroom, peach, banana, lemon, tangerine can be eaten during pregnancy after washing thoroughly. We recommend the consumption of 5-7 servings of vegetables and fruits a day, as it is good for constipation, which is a common problem during pregnancy, with its vitamin, mineral content and abundant fiber structure.

There is a belief that pomegranate consumption during pregnancy will cause miscarriage and blemishes in the baby. However, there is no scientific data on this subject. On the contrary, pomegranate is a healthy food that can be recommended for pregnant women. The state of not overdoing it, which we recommend for every healthy food, is also valid for pomegranate.

Oil seeds such as almonds, seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts can be consumed raw during pregnancy. They should even be consumed because of the vitamin E, iron, calcium and healthy fats they contain. Portion control is important just because they contain high calories. Dates and raisins are also foods that pregnant women can consume due to their iron content. It also suppresses the need for sweets with its high sugar content. However, for this reason, portion control must be ensured.

Sometimes certain amounts of liver can be consumed well-cooked during pregnancy, but due to excessive intake of vitamin A, which is abundant in the liver, it causes toxic effects. should be limited. Mackerel, swordfish, shark and tile fish containing high amounts of heavy metals should not be preferred during pregnancy. Fish that do not contain heavy metals can be preferred. During pregnancy, it would be appropriate to limit fish to 2 per week.

Avocado improves the health of the digestive system thanks to the soluble and insoluble fibers it contains. It can help with problems such as nausea, constipation and heartburn during pregnancy. Avocado can be consumed during pregnancy. Cheese consumption is important to meet the increased need for calcium during pregnancy. However, since there is a risk of listeria in cheese produced from raw milk, it should not be consumed. Cheese should be preferred with less salt.

Garlic is a natural antibiotic and antioxidant thanks to the compound called allicin in it. In addition, garlic, which is a prebiotic food, strengthens intestinal health. 1 clove of garlic can be consumed every day during pregnancy. Pickles are beneficial for intestinal health with their probiotic and high fiber content. However, pickles also contain high levels of salt. In order not to cause edema, which is a common problem during pregnancy, it is necessary to pay attention to the amount and frequency of consumption and to prefer less salt.

Sausage, salami, sausage, etc. Processed meat products should not be preferred during pregnancy. As the rate of processing increases in production, the rate of microbe contamination increases. In addition, these products cause edema during pregnancy due to their high sodium content. Bitter meals during pregnancy can cause heartburn, which is already a common problem. Chocolate can also increase reflux complaints. In addition, it is necessary to stay away from foods such as jelly beans, Turkish delight, chips that contain additives, high sugar and fat during pregnancy as much as possible. Hamburgers also contain large amounts of simple carbohydrates, fat and salt with their bread and sauces. For this reason, it would be preferable not to. You can prepare and consume the hamburger at home in a nutritious way, not consuming it outside. When you crave chocolate, you can choose small amounts of dark chocolate. Especially in summer, ice cream can be one of the most innocent desserts that can be preferred. During pregnancy, you can consume 1-2 scoops of ice cream prepared in places you trust, 1-2 days a week.

Breads prepared from whole grain products should be preferred for increased energy and B group vitamins. We want white bread not to be preferred because it is a simple carbohydrate and has less nutritional value.

Chickpeas is a food that can also be good for pregnancy nausea, it can be consumed during pregnancy. Chestnuts and potatoes can also be consumed during pregnancy. Portion control should be ensured due to the high carbohydrate content.

Tahini is an important food in terms of containing beneficial vitamins and minerals. It can be easily consumed during pregnancy. 1 tablespoon of tahini contains about 90 calories. Therefore, it should be consumed in a controlled manner.

Since honey is not safe for babies, expectant mothers are worried about honey consumption during pregnancy. Pure and pasteurized honey is safe to use during pregnancy. Reliable brands should be preferred. Also, if you suspect an allergy, consult your doctor before consuming. 1 tablespoon of honey contains an average of 60-65 calories and should be consumed within portion control.

Although parsley is normally a very healthy food, its use during pregnancy can be inconvenient. Consuming large amounts of parsley can cause miscarriage. Parsley juice should not be consumed during pregnancy. Consult your doctor before consuming parsley.

One of the most curious consumption during pregnancy is pollen. Pollen is not safe to consume during pregnancy. Consumption of mussels during pregnancy is also not safe. Mussels should not be consumed because they contain heavy metals and due to the risk of Hepatitis A.

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