What Causes Herpes in the Genital Area?

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted, recurrent skin disease caused by the HSV type 2 virus.

Genital herpes treatment

Genital herpes can be seen in all sexually active men and women of all age groups. Since genital herpes is a viral contagious disease, polygamy, having multiple sexual partners or having suspicious sexual intercourse increase the risk of contracting the disease.

Genital herpes symptoms

Genital herpes often does not give any symptoms. If symptomatic, millimetric water bubbles clustered on a reddened surface on the skin around the genital area and/or anus draw attention. Later, the blisters open and leave their place to painful sores, and the wounds may take several weeks to heal. While the disease progresses more severely in the first attack, the severity of the disease and the duration of the disease decrease in recurrent attacks.

Diagnosis of genital herpes

The diagnosis of genital herpes is made by a dermatologist with a clinical examination. If a physician was consulted in a period without lesions, HSV type 2 IgM and IgG antibodies, which help to establish the diagnosis, can be checked with blood tests. The test result results in 1-2 days.

How is genital herpes transmitted, how can we be protected?

Genital herpes is transmitted by oral, anal or genital routes during sexual intercourse. For protection from genital herpes, it may be beneficial not to have multiple or suspicious sexual intercourse, not to have sexual intercourse when there is an active herpes lesion, and to have a monogamous relationship with a person who does not have the disease. Regular and correct use of condoms can also reduce the risk of transmission. It should not be forgotten that it can only be transmitted from areas that the condom does not protect.

Genital herpes can cause severe pain, burning, throbbing, tenderness to the touch, and referred pain that can be felt in the areas adjacent to the lesion. In the first attack, complaints such as fever, headache, and fatigue may accompany.

How is genital herpes treated?

In the treatment, if possible, antiviral tablets are started within the first 24 hours, and wound care is performed with topical antiviral and antibiotic creams. If the pain is very severe, pain reliever tablets can be added. If genital herpes is not treated, problems such as prolonged wound healing, secondary infection of the wound, persistence of pain longer than expected, and scarring at the wound site may be encountered.

Tests for other sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, syphilis (syphilis) should definitely be requested in people diagnosed with genital herpes, because sexually transmitted diseases are evaluated as a whole.

genital herpes during pregnancy

Patients who have genital herpes problem during pregnancy should definitely consult a doctor. In the presence of active disease, in addition to topical wound care, antiviral tablets, which are safe to use during pregnancy, can be used with the approval of the physician. Genital herpes can sometimes cause miscarriage, premature birth, or neonatal herpes (congenital) by infecting the baby if there is an active lesion at birth. Therefore, the physician decides to deliver by cesarean section.

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