What Causes Gum Recession?

There are many different causes of gum recession. These reasons may be structural and genetic, some of them are due to irritant factors, and some of them are due to gum diseases. The structure of the tooth roots, defects in the chewing system, the length of the muscle attachments are some of the structural reasons. Irritant causes can be listed as hard and wrong tooth brushing, bacterial plaque and dental calculus, bad habits such as nail biting and pen biting, improper filling-crown and bridge restorations. Due to gingival recession, tooth decay, tooth sensitivity and aesthetic problems may occur. In the treatment of gingival recessions, different treatments such as periodontal treatments or closure of recessions with crown bridge restorations can be applied depending on the size and localization of the recession. But the priority in the treatment starts with finding the factor and eliminating it, so if the gum recession is due to gum diseases, the priority should be the treatment of the gum disease, or if the recession is due to a faulty filling, the replacement of this filling will be the first step of the treatment.

A healthy gingiva is dry rose, light pink in color, similar to an orange peel and surrounds the teeth. Between the healthy gingiva and the tooth, there is a gingival pocket with a depth of 1-3 mm. If an infection occurs in the gums, a bleeding, swollen, red appearance occurs. Gum diseases occur as a result of infections in the gums and bone that surround and support the tooth.

The oral environment is full of microorganisms, these microorganisms constantly form sticky, colorless plaques on the teeth, this is called bacterial plaque. Brushing and flossing help prevent plaque buildup. Uncleaned bacterial plaque hardens and forms tartar that cannot be cleaned by brushing. If bacterial plaque and tartar are not cleaned, it causes acid formation on the tooth surface, weakens the enamel of the tooth, causes cavities and can cause gum diseases.

During gingivitis, which is the early period of gingivitis, the gums may swell, redden and bleed, this stage of the disease may be reversible, so routine controls are of great importance in the diagnosis and treatment of gingival diseases. If gingivitis is not treated, a more serious condition called periodontitis occurs. At this stage, the gums may recede, the alveolar bone that supports the tooth may melt, the teeth may shake, and even tooth loss may occur.

Symptoms of gum disease include:

– Bad breath Bleeding – Gums – Red Gums

– Swollen Gums – Pain on chewing – Rocking and gaping teeth

-Sensitive Gums -Gingival recession -Long-appearing teeth

-Abscess formations

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