While anxieties about sports activities or school are frequent and high in children and adolescence periods; In adults and slightly older individuals, we encounter a lot of anxiety about their own personal health or the health of their friends, relatives, briefly loved ones. It is observed that the symptoms of anxiety affect the individual more in the younger age groups compared to the elderly individuals. Children generally place an excessive emphasis on getting things on time. Unfortunately, this situation accelerates children’s anxiety about time. Another common anxiety among children is their anxieties about disaster scenarios (natural disasters or war).
There are many types of anxiety. Its source differs from individual to individual. Commonly encountered types are as follows.
generalized anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder, presently without any threat-cause; In other words, it is a type of anxiety disorder that occurs when individuals have excessive and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety and tension without a specific reason. Anxiety, which is a normal emotion, is so intense that it interrupts people’s lives; One of the most common conditions in general anxiety disorder is that people change their daily lives, jobs, academic or social lives to escape from negativities or to alleviate their worries. Physical symptoms such as fatigue, headache, nausea, difficulty swallowing, sweating, and hot flashes can be seen. generalized anxiety disorder; k feeling uneasy and anxious about every aspect of his job. Worrying about uncontrollable situations such as burglars breaking into the house, harming oneself in traffic, an earthquake, getting sick of himself or his loved ones, not being able to pay debts can make a person restless and unable to sleep at night. The lifetime incidence is 5-6%. In other words, 5-6 out of every 100 people may experience this disorder at any time in their lives. Anxiety sensitivity increases with age. It is the most common anxiety disorder in old age.
Panic disorder, more commonly known as panic attacks, at unexpected times It emerges with a strong sense of panic that comes on suddenly and reaches its peak within minutes. There is no vital condition or any trigger that is evident in this type of disorder. A Intense and intense fear can cause panic attacks. With the effect of these negative feelings, which occur at an extreme level according to the current situation, pain may be felt in the chest area, shortness of breath may occur, sweat discharge may be experienced in the body, and an acceleration in heartbeat may be observed. Sometimes this process can be so severe that you think you are drowning or having a heart attack. already b Individuals may also have the delusion that they have had a heart attack, cannot breathe, and are drowning, and may apply to hospitals, especially emergency services, with symptoms such as sweating, chest pain, and tachycardia. Because they think their situation is urgent or even they are about to die. The fear of experiencing the same situation again can be added to the symptoms in a person who has experienced this situation once. It was b Anxiety in these individuals arises against the possibility of re-development of a panic attack. Although the duration of the attacks varies from individual to individual, they are not very long. The prevalence of panic disorder in the community is between 2-4%. It is two times more common in women than men.
Although anxiety and panic attack symptoms are similar, they are different problems. Anxiety has constant restlessness and it makes itself felt subconsciously. In a panic attack, the individual feels attacked and in danger, thinks he will faint, his heart beats fast and his breathing stops. While anxiety is an emotion felt in general during the day, panic attack is a disorder that occurs in the form of attacks, as the name suggests.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia; In the individual’s personal relationships, it is called the state of being worried and stressed against the judgment and ridicule of others. It is the fear of being humiliated or stupid in crowded environments. This fear is a persistent fear. It is a subtype of anxiety disorder that expresses the high level of anxiety that occurs in social environments, the fear of being judged by others and being humiliated. The individual, especially in performance-based situations and social environments; He thinks that he will be disgraced, act in a way that will embarrass him, or be negatively evaluated and humiliated. Individuals with this disorder are reluctant to speak loudly in the crowd, to eat, and to attend invitations. Social phobia is a common disorder that usually begins in childhood or adolescence. The lifetime incidence is between 2-13%. Unlike other phobias, social phobia is seen equally in men and women. The social phobic person usually avoids situations in which he can be evaluated and exhibits a shy attitude by showing signs of anxiety when he cannot avoid it. Eating out, public speaking or performing, using public restrooms, or doing any work in the presence of others are extremely worrying for them. When social phobic people are forced to enter the community, they exhibit physical symptoms such as blushing, trembling, nausea, heart palpitations, sweating, fear of vomiting, watering in the eyes, and they are afraid that these symptoms will be noticed by everyone in the community. In this case, they avoid entering the community.
Selective mutism, also known as selective muteness or selective speechlessness; Mutism, which comes from the Latin word “mutus”, means quiet. It is a disorder that usually manifests itself in childhood. This disorder can manifest in many different ways. It is basically divided into two as selective and total mutism (whole-no-speech). While selective mutism is seen in children, total mutism is usually seen in adults. Although children can communicate with other family members at home, they cannot express themselves in social environments such as school. Care should be taken as this situation may adversely affect education and business life.
generalized anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder (JAB), also known as chronic anxiety disorder, is a state of extreme anxiety even during routine activities and activities. For example, many of us may be worried about our finances from time to time. However, an individual with JAB status worries about his financial situation several times a day for months and unfortunately cannot control it. The individual knows very well that he should not worry about this situation, but he falls short of controlling it and continues to worry. There may be other issues, such as the health of loved ones, the dangers of air travel, for example. These feelings, which occur disproportionately according to the situation, may be difficult for the person to control. Caution should be exercised as this type of anxiety disorder may be accompanied by other related disorders and psychiatric conditions such as depression. This excessive and unrealistic anxiety can become increasingly frightening and negatively affect their daily functioning.
A person’s excessive fear, worry and anxiety towards a certain situation or object is classified as a phobia. Phobias may be directed towards certain objects or situations. Fear of heights, phobia of spiders, agoraphobia, fear of toilet, bloodstain and phobia of disease (hypochondria) are examples of phobias that can cause anxiety. In phobias, the person does not necessarily have to encounter the situation or object in question. Even the thought of a situation or object can trigger the phobia and cause a strong anxiety and even panic attack in the person. The person’s fear is often excessive and people may develop various behavioral patterns to avoid these situations. People with phobia are mostly aware that their fear is excessive, but they cannot prevent it. specific phobias It can manifest itself as a fear of heights. People with this fear may worry about getting on a plane or living in high-rise houses.
People with agoraphobia anxiety, which refers to an open space or crowd-sourced anxiety, may feel negative emotions such as being trapped, needy and ashamed in addition to anxiety in such environments. Agoraphobic individuals may feel fear and anxiety in the crowd, in case of an emergency or in case of anxiety, because their mobility is limited and they think that they will not be able to get help quickly. People with this disorder do not want to be in places far from the doctor, such as movie theaters, nature activities, public transport.
Separation anxiety, which is observed mostly in children, may continue in adulthood if it is not resolved in the child’s development and may turn into a fear of abandonment by a loved one or family members. Even if the caregiver, family elders or parents are out of sight in childhood, it can trigger separation anxiety in the child. At the same time, people with separation anxiety often have the delusion that something bad will happen to their loved one. Individuals with separation anxiety are very worried when they leave their loved ones and want to be in front of their eyes at all times. Separation anxiety; b It expresses the state of anxiety and fear that the individual develops when he moves away from the figure he is attached to. Apart from being away, the thought that the figure of commitment will be damaged may also be a cause for concern. Various symptoms that may occur due to having nightmares and being physically affected by thoughts are among the symptoms of separation anxiety. Although this situation is usually encountered in childhood, there is a possibility that separation anxiety may continue in adult life in some people.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
OCD, in other words obsessive compulsive disorder (obsessive-compulsive disorder) t recurrent obsessive and obsessive behaviors. People are always in a state of fear because of involuntary and developing thoughts. To suppress these thoughts, people constantly wash their hands, check the lock of the door and whether the stove is turned off. Although this situation is considered as an “obsession” in society, it is actually one of the psychological diseases. Obsession means thought, compulsion means behavior. It is seen in 2-3 out of every 100 people. If people with OCD do not perform these rituals, which are called obsessions, they delusional that their anxiety may worsen. Because of these time-consuming obsessions, people cannot do what they need to do and get more tired.
Anxiety induced by drugs
The use of certain drugs or substances can trigger anxiety disorder. In addition, anxiety symptoms can be encountered in individuals who try to quit their addicted substance. Anxiety due to a medical condition f It is the state of a physical health problem that creates a feeling of extreme anxiety and panic in the person.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (PTSD: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
It is the fears and bodily reactions that develop as a result of the inability of people to overcome the effects of a traumatic event. Physical pain and insomnia are conditions that can occur due to post-traumatic stress. Individuals He relives these terrible events by re-imagining them. The disorder is more likely to develop after the loss of a loved one, car accident, war, or violent events. Simpler events such as divorce, school change or moving can also lead to stress-related disorders. In addition, acute stress disorder or adjustment disorder can be considered in this context and may lead to concerns about the repetition of the event in question or the occurrence of a similar event (eg, refraining from moving, remarriage, etc.).
Learning which type of anxiety disorder you have is a very important step in treatment. Whatever these disorders are, do not try to overcome them alone. Try to get over it with the help of a psychologist.