Brain attacks can be of two types:
I – Transient Ischemic Attack:
Findings can go away in a few seconds or take up to 48 hours.
Signs of transient ischemic attack include:
– Vision loss: it can be unilateral or bilateral.
– Double vision: defined as double vision or blurred vision.
– Dizziness: rather than feeling something strange at first, the patient feels that he is spinning.
– Difficulty in swallowing: if the difficulty in swallowing is very pronounced, there is a risk of liquid or food escaping into the respiratory tract (aspiration).
– Weakness: unilateral or bilateral arm and / or leg weakness. Facial paralysis may also occur.
– Sensory impairment: seen unilaterally or bilaterally. A numbness or burning sensation is felt in the face, arm, leg, or trunk.
– Speech disorder: difficulty in remembering words, pronouncing or understanding what is being said.
– Coordination disorder: arm, leg or trunk movements are out of balance. The patient may stumble or fall while walking or standing.
– Behavioral disorder: It is seen as the patient’s insensitivity to what is said or incompatible movements.
– Excessive sleepiness can be seen.
– Agitation or psychosis may occur.
II- Ischemic Stroke:
This definition is used if the symptoms described above persist for more than 48 hours.
prof. Dr. Ozenc MINARECI