As with all surgeries, there are some negativities and complications that may occur during ear surgery. Ear anatomy is one of the most difficult and longest-lasting structures to learn. The reason for this is the coexistence of many vital structures in a small area. The main ones of these structures are: hearing organ, balance organ, facial nerve, main artery and vein that goes to the brain. All of these structures are located within the ear bone. Therefore, the anatomy of the ear bone has a very complex structure. It takes time to learn this structure in 3D. When a disease is involved, the normal anatomical course of these structures may change. For this reason, there is a possibility that all these structures may be damaged during ear surgery.
Generally, the most common complication during ear surgery is hearing loss in the operated ear. This probability is roughly around 1%. The second most common complication is the risk of facial paralysis. This probability is around 0.5%. As the surgeon’s experience increases, the risk of complications decreases. On the other hand, the risk ratio varies depending on the cause of the disease in the ear. For example, while these risks are almost non-existent in the closure of a simple eardrum hole, the risk may increase in a common cholesteatoma disease.
However, not having surgery is not a solution because of these risks. Because the disease in the ear will damage these vital structures after a while and the probability of hearing loss, facial paralysis and even meningitis or brain abscess development will increase.
Since no incision is made on the skin during endoscopic ear surgery, the risks of minor complications such as skin infection and blood collection under the skin in the postoperative period are also eliminated.