What Are the Causes of Recurrent Miscarriages?

Recurrent miscarriages are a nightmare for expectant mothers and fathers. Recurrent miscarriages, called habitual abortion in the medical literature, occur in the first trimester of pregnancy and at least three times. Approximately 2% of couples have this disorder. Most pregnancy losses are caused by chromosomal or genetic abnormalities and are random. This abnormality may be caused by the egg, sperm, or early embryo. The incidence of miscarriage is around 20% in all pregnancies. The risk of miscarriage increases with advancing age. While the probability of miscarriage is 9.5% in women aged 24 and under, it is 11% around the age of 30 and 53% around the age of 40. Some abnormalities in the uterus also cause miscarriage.

Symptoms of Miscarriage

The most important symptom of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. Although these bleedings are usually seen as light in color, they can also be dark brown in color when mixed with vaginal secretions. In case of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately. In the first weeks of pregnancy, some staining is seen due to the attachment of the embryo to the uterus. These spottings can often be confused with vaginal bleeding by expectant mothers. However, groin pain and cramps along with vaginal bleeding are the most important indicators of miscarriage. No groin pain or cramps are felt in spotting. Sudden cessation of nausea and chest tightness after pregnancy may also mean a miscarriage.

Treatment of Recurrent Miscarriages

In order to avoid recurrent miscarriages, the problem causing it should be found and treated. Genetic examination is performed to understand whether genetic abnormalities are causing recurrent miscarriages. Surgery can be performed in miscarriages caused by uterine abnormality. Antitospholipid syndrome is also one of the causes of recurrent miscarriages. The regular use of drugs that reduce blood clot formation by those with this syndrome prevents recurrent miscarriages. Conditions such as a thyroid disorder or diabetes can also cause recurrent miscarriages. Even a lack of vitamin B12 can cause this condition in some people.

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