What are the causes of carpal tunnel syndrome? Who is it seen in?

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The median nerve is an important structure that provides the movement and sensation of the fingers. As a result of the compression of this structure at the wrist level, carpal tunnel syndromesituation occurs. Nerve compression in wristAlso known as this disease, it causes complaints such as numbness in the fingers, weakness in the hand and arm.

What are the Causes? Who Is It Seen?

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs especially when the wrist is constantly flexed. For this reason, it is very common in computer users, handicraftsmen, housewives, textile workers and butchers. People between the ages of 40-60 and women are in the risk group. Since carpal tunnel syndrome can also be seen due to hormonal reasons, many pregnant women face this disease. It usually ends with the end of pregnancy. Diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, hypothyroidism, obesity and gout also increase the risk of nerve compression in the wrist.

The following people are at higher risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome:

• People who strain the wrist (such as those who use a computer…)
• People with narrow wrist canal (Structural factors)
• Those who sleep with their hands under their heads
• Musicians using piano or string instruments (especially thick stringed instruments)
• Women
• Those between the ages of 40-60
• Pregnant women (Hormonal causes)
• Those with diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, hypothyroidism, gout, obesity

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Symptoms

• Weakness in the hand, fatigue quickly
• Tingling, especially in the first 3 fingers
• Pain in the hand
• Numbness in the fingers

Symptoms may also appear in the arm;

• Weakness in the arm
• Numbness in the arm
• Pain in the arm


If you have the above symptoms, it is likely that you have carpal tunnel disease. However, it is necessary to consult a physician for a definitive diagnosis, because it is possible to confuse it with other diseases. The doctor will make the diagnosis when he listens to your complaints and examines you. For the definitive diagnosis, a nerve measurement test called EMG is performed. EMG (electromyography) is a test that shows whether electrical signals are carried in the nerve.

Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Initial nerve compressions can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid injections. Such non-surgical methods can reduce swelling and help relieve symptoms. Applications such as resting the hand, hand exercise, physical therapy and wrist splint can also be applied. However, in cases where carpal tunnel syndrome surgerymay be required. Nerve compression surgery in the wrist It is made by making a small incision between the palm and the wrist. With this micro-intervention, the carpal tunnel is reached and the tissue causing the compression is relieved. It is an extremely comfortable, satisfying and short-term surgery. The process takes about 15 minutes. After the surgery, the patient returns home the same day. Returning to normal life begins immediately.

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