Infertility is a psychologically tiring problem for couples. Today, most of the young couples want to have a baby, but these wishes are not fulfilled for various reasons. In order for a couple to be diagnosed with infertility, they must try to have an unprotected baby for 1 year and fail to get a positive result.
Many factors from both men and women can be listed as the cause of infertility.
Couples who apply to a doctor with an infertility problem are first examined in detail and the factors causing infertility are determined. After the causes of infertility are identified, these causes must be eliminated and treated first.
Congenital Causes of Infertility
Congenital factors that cause infertility can develop differently in men and women. Congenital factors that cause infertility in women can be listed as follows;
- Tubes are closed
- Presence of a curtain in the uterus (uterine septum)
- double uterus (uterus didelphis)
- Müller duct agenesis
- inverted uterus
- absence of ovaries
- Absence of the vagina
- Not having a chromosomally normal genetic makeup
- Some congenital syndromes involving female genitalia
Congenital anomalies in the female reproductive organs are problems that may prevent pregnancy from occurring, as well as cause it to fail to develop after pregnancy occurs.
The factors that cause infertility in men can be listed as follows;
- undescended testis
- inguinal hernia
Congenital anomalies seen in men should be treated in infancy, despite the risks of causing infertility. Anatomical problems that are noticed during routine doctor controls and diaper changes should be treated with surgical methods before the age of 2 years.
In order for pregnancy to occur and to maintain the pregnancy process in a healthy way, many combinations must exist together in a healthy way. Both congenital anomalies in the mother-to-be and congenital anomalies in the father-to-be should be diagnosed and treated during pregnancy planning. Otherwise, infertility problems may occur, as well as the risk of recurrent infant loss and premature birth. In order to protect both the health of the expectant mother and the health of the baby, all risk factors should be evaluated and treated during the pregnancy planning process.