Cartilage is the structures that are found in all movable joint surfaces and enable us to move in a healthy way. Any problem that may arise in the cartilage structure can cause impaired movement and pain.
Cartilage problems are classified as sudden (acute) and long-term (chronic). Acute problems of cartilage are often problems that occur after sports and sudden-forceful movements. In this case, cartilage fractures are encountered. Due to the friction in the fractured area, the patient is faced with pain and limitation of movement. Sometimes the broken cartilage piece can get between the joint and cause locking in the joint. In this way, injuries can occur in all joints, large or small, although they are often seen in the knee and ankle.
Detection of the Broken Point is Important for Treatment
When deciding on this surgery, factors such as the place where the piece broke off, the size of the piece, and the age of the patient should be taken into account. Sometimes, when the only problem is a lock due to a small piece of cartilage, it is enough to just remove that piece. In daily life, chronic, that is, long-term problems of cartilage, are encountered more frequently. Until a certain age, cartilage production and self-renewal are sufficient. However, after the age of 40, cartilage wears and thins because the amount of destruction and wear is greater than production. These cartilage abrasions can occur more intensely and at an earlier age in challenging and repetitive movements of the joint.
Lose Weight, Take Off Your Knee
In age-related cartilage problems, treatment planning should be done according to the amount of wear and surface width. When encountered in the early period, adequate relief can be provided by methods such as movement restriction, weight control, strengthening of the muscles around the joint, and changing sports preferences. In addition to these, cartilage-supporting supplements can also be used. Interventional options can be added to the treatment in moderate cartilage abrasions where methods are insufficient. The problem joint is seen with the closed method (arthroscopic), the existing abrasions are shaved, and then temporary relief can be achieved by injecting an intra-articular injection. In these applications, which we often do in large joints such as knees, ankles and elbows, the content of the needle to be inserted into the joint is decided according to the condition of the cartilage.
New Hope , Stem Cell Therapy
It should be applied as a last option to patients who have undergone all methods before prosthesis but are not relieved. Stem cell application should be performed under general anesthesia. Stem cells are obtained from the fat tissue around the patient’s belly button and the stem cells obtained from the separation process are injected into the problematic joint. In this application, the patient is discharged on the same day. The most important advantage of this application is that it allows the formation of new cartilage.