Varicose veins is a disease of the veins.
Varicose veins, which have been treated only by surgery for years, have been in the last 15 years; It can be treated with new non-surgical methods such as laser, radiofrequency, adhesive (glue) and foam treatment.
Non-surgical treatment of varicose veins is a more effective and easier treatment method with less chance of recurrence compared to surgical treatment.
Recurrent varicose veins….
It is also possible to treat previously treated but recurring varicose veins with non-surgical varicose treatment methods.
Non-surgical varicose veins treatments are easy and minimally affecting daily life after treatment. Patients can usually return to their normal lives immediately after the treatment or after one day at the latest.
It should be known that the methods of non-surgical varicose treatments may differ between individuals.
Sometimes more than one session may be required in non-surgical varicose treatments.
Today, all types of varicose veins can be treated definitively without surgery, but multiple sessions may be required for all varicose veins to disappear.
Another important thing here is that it is recommended to wear medium-pressure compression stockings for 2-3 weeks after any non-surgical varicose treatment. This will increase the effectiveness of the treatment.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins;
Although varicose veins are known as a cosmetic problem, they can cause complaints such as pain in the feet, cramps, fatigue, feeling of heaviness, burning, numbness in the ankles and fingers, itching in the areas of varicose veins. However, such complaints are usually caused by large heirs.
In addition, even if varicose veins are very rare, if they are not treated for a long time; It causes bigger problems such as foot wounds, bleeding in varicose veins or coagulation in varicose veins.
For this reason, it is recommended to treat large varicose veins as much as possible.
It is not known exactly why leg varicose veins occur. However, it is thought that the valve systems in the veins cause this disorder.
The valves, which are normally found in the veins, prevent the dirty blood from returning to the feet or (escaping) as it is known among the people. However, in patients with varicose veins, blood flow may be reversed due to valve dysfunction. This is especially evident after long periods of standing during the day. This is called venous insufficiency, venous leakage, venous insufficiency.In such cases, the accumulation of blood in the feet causes the veins to dilate and the formation of varicose veins.
Varicose veins should not be treated without Doppler ultrasonographic examination.!!!!
Varicose veins have nothing to do with heart disease.
Varicose veins are more common in people who stand for a long time or sit for a long time.
Although it has not been proven, it is more common in women with varicose veins in their first degree relatives.
What are the types of varicose veins?!!
There are three types of varicose veins.
Capillary varices These are prominent veins that do not protrude from the skin and vary in color from red to purple, as thin as a hair follicle. These varicose veins can cause irritations such as pain, ache and itching from time to time. In addition, its appearance can disturb the person. If the person feels a complaint about the capillaries or is cosmetically disturbing, treatment is recommended.
Medium size varices Reticular varicose veins are dark green convoluted veins that protrude slightly from the skin and measure 2-3 mm in diameter. These are usually seen behind the knee.
large heirs varicose veins are varicose veins that protrude from the skin. Almost all people with this type of large varicose veins have venous insufficiency or venous insufficiency. Doppler ultrasonographic examination should be performed before treatment in this group of patients.
*** It should not be forgotten that all three types of varicose veins can be found in a person at the same time.
When the diagnosis of varicose is seen with the naked eye, it is easy to diagnose with ease. However, color Doppler ultrasonography should be evaluated before treatment planning.
Varicose veins treatment methods;
A *** Endovenous treatments (non-surgical intravenous treatments) in large varicose veins;
The most important factor in large varicose veins is to treat the main valve insufficiency.
This is the medical name saphenous vein / saphenous veins, which have two in each leg.
For this, the most used methods in the world are the treatments called endo venous (in the sense of intravascular). These are laser therapy, radio frequency therapy and adhesive or gum treatments. Methods such as non-surgical intravascular laser / radio frequency therapy are currently the most effective methods in the treatment of varicose veins in the world. However, it may not be possible for all varicose veins to disappear after a single session of treatment.
After the main vein problem is resolved, it is possible to remove other varicose veins, which are called foam treatment, in the same session or later.
I do non-surgical varicose veins treatment in Izmir in the form of treating the main veins of the patients for whom I have color Doppler examination first and then treating medium and small varicose veins with foam by giving a certain period of time..
In varicose veins, laser, radio frequency, adhesive treatments and patient treatment are performed by local anesthesia and, if necessary, by using painkillers and relaxing drugs.
The patient walks to the treatment and leaves on foot immediately after the treatment.
Among the endovenous treatments, the method in which the laser is used; It is called endovenous laser ablation therapy (evla).
B *** Foam treatments (sclerotherapy)
The form of treatment, also called sclerotherapy, is a method of injecting a chemical substance into the vein with a thin needle and destroying its inner wall and closing it.
It is foam treatment as it is known among the people.
However, it cannot be used in all varicose treatment. It is often used as an adjunct treatment alongside the main treatment. It can only be used alone in the treatment of medium-sized green-looking varicose veins.
Complete removal of capillaries is the most difficult and longest-lasting varicose treatment. In the treatment of non-surgical capillaries, both sclerotherapy and transcutaneous laser treatment may be required. It is almost impossible to completely eliminate capillary varicose veins with a single session treatment.
More than one treatment is almost always required. Post-treatment, no matter how easy the procedure is, it can be uncomfortable for patients during and after the procedure.
The most important problem that may occur during this treatment is pain. However, I perform the procedure in a painless way by giving relief drugs intravenously to the patients I treat varicose veins.
Does it recur? !!!
** In general, large varicose veins are almost completely cured after a good treatment, and there is almost no chance of recurrence. Because here the source main vein is destroyed.
** Since we remove the varicose veins that appear in medium-sized green varices and capillary varices, that is, since they do not have a clear and detectable source, the source is not dried. It is possible for the varicose to reappear in a different place. This is due to some genetic predisposition.