Vaginal Insemination

It has long been known that cesarean delivery poses a moderate risk for ailments such as allergic rhinitis, asthma and food allergy. The first stage of formation of the bacterial flora in the intestines is very important so that babies do not get such allergic diseases. The foundation of this flora is laid when the baby encounters the vaginal flora as it moves through the mother’s birth canal. Studies show that Bacterioides and Bifidobacterium, which are known as beneficial bacteria in the intestinal flora of babies born by cesarean section, are less than those born by vaginal way.

The process of applying a swab taken from the vagina during the cesarean section to the mouth, eyes, face and skin of the newborn baby in order for the babies born by cesarean section to come into contact with the vaginal microbiological environment of their mothers, just like the babies born vaginally, is called “vaginal insemination”. Microbiologist Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello from New York University, in her study to take advantage of the protective effect of the vaginal flora of babies born by cesarean section, applied samples taken from their mothers’ vaginas to the eyes, mouth and skin of babies, and it was seen that they had positive effects. When the babies who were vaginally inseminated at cesarean section were compared with the babies who were not, it was found that the intestinal flora of the babies who had vaginal insemination was similar to that of the babies who had vaginal insemination. It was thought that this situation would significantly prevent the risk of developing allergic diseases increased by cesarean section. However, research results on the benefits and harms of vaginal insemination are still limited. Harmful infectious agents such as Group B streptococcus, chlamydia, gonorrhea and herpes simplex may be present in the mother’s vagina, and the infection can be transmitted to the baby by this procedure. For this reason, it is recommended that mothers who want to have this procedure have their gynecological examinations done before birth and if they are sure that there are no bacteria or viruses that may harm the baby by taking vaginal culture tests. In addition, scientific evidence about the long-term wounds of this practice is insufficient, and more studies are needed to routinely recommend vaginal insemination to mothers.

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