The method of vaccination is a very simple method applied to women who have tried to conceive for a long time but have not been successful. It is the process of injecting the sperm taken from the father-to-be into the female reproductive system by any method other than sexual intercourse.

The process of washing the sperm applied in the vaccination increases the effect. Washed semen, that is, treated with some chemical substances, is injected directly into the uterus with the help of special cannulas and injectors.

In which patients is vaccination (IUI) applied?

In men with low sperm count or motility, in cases of unexplained infertility, in cases of cervical mucus, in expectant mothers with anatomical problems of the cervix, in the presence of antibodies to sperm (Immunological Infertility), in case of absence or insufficient ovulation in the expectant mother, It is a preferred method in sexual dysfunctions.

Man-to-male tests required for vaccination

Systemic and local physical examination, semen analysis, sperm count and motility, detailed morphological evaluation, sperm values ​​after washing, further tests, serological tests, hormone profile are among the tests performed on men.

Features of the grafting method

The method of vaccination is the process of accelerating the sperms with special methods on the day of ovulation under ideal conditions and leaving them into the uterus through a plastic cannula. The feature of the method is to leave as many and motile sperm as possible as close as possible to the newly laid egg and caught by the tubes. The sperm, which is a microscopic creature, gains about 10-12 cm with this method, bypassing the acid environment of the vagina, the mucus plug of the cervix, and the path that must go through the tubes in the uterus. In front of it, only the tubes, which are the most suitable environment for combining the sperm and egg with the help of the moving hairs inside, are left. Before the vaccination treatment, the woman whose ovulation is increased in number and quality by applying special drug treatments is given an egg cracking needle when the ovaries reach approximately 20 mm in length. This is the most suitable period for the vaccination process, on average 24-36 hours after the injection.

How is vaccination applied?

Before deciding to vaccinate, both of the couples are tested for infertility. If ovulation induction (stimulation of the ovaries) is to be performed, egg cell development should be determined by supplementing with appropriate drugs and by serial ultrasonography. When this cell or cells reach a sufficient size, a cracking needle should be made.

Ideally, it is recommended to inseminate 32 to 36 hours after this injection. If necessary, estrogen levels in the blood can be checked during ultrasound follow-ups.

.After the semen sample obtained is treated and prepared with certain chemical substances (washing), it is made ready for vaccination (insemination). The woman lies in the gynecological examination position. Speculum is inserted, after cleaning with physiological saline, the appropriate catheter is advanced through the cervix into the uterus. The semen drawn into the injector is slowly and carefully introduced into the uterus through this catheter. The catheter and speculum are then removed. It is normal for some semen to come back out.

Vaccination (insemination) is definitely not a painful procedure. After the procedure, the woman lies down for 10-15 minutes and then can return to her normal life. Although it is not necessary, progesterone support can be given to the patient. Avoiding heavy physical activity for the first 24-48 hours after vaccination is important in terms of treatment. But bed rest is not necessary.

If there is no menstruation within 2 weeks after vaccination, a pregnancy test is performed. As a result of the positive test, pregnancy follow-ups are started appropriately. If it is negative, the woman is called for the first ultrasound examination for a new trial on the 3rd day of her menstrual bleeding.

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