Urticaria (Hives)

Urticaria or urticaria as it is called among the people; It is an itchy and edematous skin disease that occurs on the skin, surrounded by redness, can vary in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters, and can occur for various reasons.

What are the types of urticaria?

physical urticaria

Aquagenic urticaria (caused by contact with water)

Cholinergic urticaria (due to sweating, excessive exertion)

Cold urticaria (caused by cold contact)

Dermographism (urticaria caused by scratching or itching on the skin)

Delayed pressure urticaria

Solar urticaria (caused by sunlight)

Vibratory urticaria (formed by vibrating instruments)

Hereditary urticaria (type also seen in other family members)

Urticarial vasculitis (inflammation of the vein in which urticarial plaques persist for more than 24 hours)

What is chronic urticaria?

If the complaint of urticaria is new and includes a period of less than 6 weeks, it is called acute urticaria. Acute urticaria is more common in children and young adults.

What are the causes of chronic urticaria?

Infections (parasite, virus, bacteria, fungus)

Drug reactions (antibiotics, aspirin)

Foods and additives (eggs, nuts, peanuts, milk, fish, shellfish, tartarazine, azo dyes, benzoates)

Insect stings (bee, spider, etc.)

How is urticaria treated?

Treatment of the patient with physical urticaria begins with an explanation of how physical factors trigger the reaction.

Patients with acute and severe exacerbations, often accompanied by other features of an acute allergic reaction, require careful investigation, including appropriate allergens and skin tests. Most cases of urticaria and angioedema lasting less than six weeks are relieved by symptomatic measures and rarely require investigations.

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