Upper Endoscopy

Upper endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to look at the upper digestive tract. This procedure is performed with an endoscopy device, accompanied by a specialist doctor.

Upper gastrointestinal tract (GIS) endoscopy includes the upper digestive tract esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach), stomach, and duodenum (the first part of the small intestine).

Why is upper endoscopy done?

You can have an upper endoscopy if:

  • Unexplained pain in your upper abdomen

  • A condition called “acid reflux”

  • Prolonged nausea and vomiting

  • prolonged diarrhea,

  • Black bowel movements or blood in your vomit

  • Difficulty swallowing or feeling of food stuck in your throat,

  • Abnormal results from other tests of your digestive system

  • He swallowed an object that you should not swallow,

  • If you have growths or ulcers in your digestive tract and your doctor wants to follow up.

What should I do before upper endoscopy?

Your doctor will instruct you on what to do before upper endoscopy. They will tell you if you need to stop eating or drinking or taking your usual medications beforehand. Be sure to read the instructions as soon as you receive them. You may need to stop some medications up to a week before the test. Let your doctor know if you are having trouble preparing for your upper endoscopy.

What happens during upper endoscopy?

You will receive medications through an IV to make you feel comfortable and sleep. They may give you a mouth spray or mouthwash to numb your mouth. You will also receive a plastic mouth guard to protect your teeth. Your doctor will then insert a thin tube with a camera and light at the end into your mouth and esophagus, stomach and duodenum. They will look for irritation, bleeding, ulcers, or growths.

During an upper endoscopy, your doctor will also:

  • During a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of tissue from the lining of the digestive tract. (You won’t feel it.) Then they look at the tissue under a microscope.

  • To treat the problems they see. For example, a doctor can stop the bleeding or sometimes remove a growth. They can also widen any narrow area of ​​the esophagus. Narrow areas of the esophagus can cause difficulty in swallowing.

What happens after upper endoscopy?

After an upper endoscopy, you will be monitored for 1 to 2 hours until the medication wears off. Most doctors recommend that people not drive or go to work immediately after an upper endoscopy. Most can drive and return to work the next day.

What are the side effects of upper endoscopy?

The most common side effect is feeling bloated. Some people have nausea due to the drugs used before the procedure. If this happens to you, your doctor may give you medication to cure your nausea. Most people can eat as usual after the procedure.

Other side effects are not as common, but they can occur. These may include:

  • Food entering the lungs from the stomach,

  • For example, bleeding after a growth has been removed,

  • Tearing in the lining of the digestive tract,

  • Redness or swelling of the skin around the IV.

Should I call my doctor or nurse after upper endoscopy?

Call your doctor or nurse immediately if you experience any of the following problems after your upper endoscopy:

  • Abdominal pain that is much worse than gas pain or cramps

  • A bloated and hard belly

  • Vomiting,

  • Fire,

  • Difficulty swallowing or severe sore throat,

  • black stool,

  • A “crackling” feeling under the skin in the neck.

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