Stating that hemorrhoids are divided into internal and external according to their location in the anus, General Surgery and Surgical Oncology Specialist Prof.Dr. İlker Sücüllü gives his views on hemorrhoids and treatment methods.
Hemorrhoids, which is one of the most common diseases in Turkey, significantly reduces the quality of life when hemorrhoids are not treated. Because it is hidden, it may progress and become a surgical procedure. The disease, which can mostly be caused by eating habits, can also be seen in patients with chronic constipation.
How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?
Prof. dr. İlker Sücüllü said, “First of all, I should point out that hemorrhoids, also known as hemorrhoids among the people, or (Hemorrhoidal Pillows) are not a disease, they are normal anatomical structures that contain vascular networks in our body, which have important functions such as gas-stool retention and prevention of stool leakage. Because of these duties, which have a direct effect on the comfort of the patient, the treatment should be handled sensitively, especially when deciding to remove these structures by surgery, much more care should be taken.
Sometimes, complaints such as protrusion-sagging due to straining due to this anatomical structure, bleeding due to the destruction and tearing of the vessels may occur, and the current situation is called “Hemorrhoidal Disease”, not hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are divided into internal and external according to their location in the anus. The most obvious complaint in hemorrhoidal disease caused by hemorrhoidal pads located outside the anus is painful swellings that come to the patient’s hand and cause difficulty in sitting and moving. This condition often occurs due to blood clotting in the hemorrhoidal pouch and is called “thrombosed hemorrhoidal disease”. In internal hemorrhoidal disease, it is caused by the hemorrhoidal pads in the inner part of the anus. The most common complaints in patients are painless, bright red bleeding during defecation, and the formation of protrusions in the rectum, which is expressed as “breast formation”, which the patient pushes during the toilet. If the necessary precautions are not taken at this stage, the pus hanging from the anus cannot be pushed in by the patient in the later stages of the disease, and accordingly, stool leakage, itching in the anus, and hygiene problems are added to the complaints.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are divided into two as internal and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are observed as red blood in the stool and hanging hemorrhoids from the anus, while External Hemorrhoids are seen as painful swelling around the anus, severe itching, difficulty in sitting. Especially in the first stages, depending on the condition of the disease, cream treatments and sitting While baths are recommended, surgical intervention is required in advanced cases. With the right treatment, the disease is brought under control and the patient can return to his old life after the treatment.
How does hemorrhoids pass and what are the factors that trigger the disease?
General Surgery and Surgical Oncology Specialist Prof.Dr. İlker Sücüllü”Our body’s excretory system has a natural order. If you delay or suppress the natural desire to defecate, if you force yourself to defecate at any other time outside of the natural routine, you will trigger the disease. In addition, digestive problems such as constant constipation or diarrhea may also cause this disease. Correction of nutritional habits is also very important in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Treatment in hemorrhoidal disease is carried out according to the stage of the disease. Diet practices, approaches to prevent constipation and drug treatment have the ability to completely eliminate the disease in the first stages. In advanced disease or after an operation to be performed if necessary These practices must be continued.
Generally, patients are recommended to consume foods with high fiber value, and to diet if the patient is overweight depending on their weight. Fluid consumption is also very important. For hemorrhoids, which makes your life quite challenging and sometimes causes you to have difficulty even sitting down, you should pay attention to your life, take care to eat healthy and lead a physically active life. In case of failure in medical treatment, surgery is decided. Many surgical methods have been described for hemorrhoidal disease. Before deciding on surgical treatment, patients should be careful to get expert opinion by disregarding hearsay information.