While some of the jaw disorders are congenital and developmental, some of them can be in the form of jaw fractures caused by traumas and accidents, surgical interventions and some diseases.
If we look at the normal relationship of the Lower and Upper Jaws, we see that the lower jaw teeth are further back than the upper jaw teeth. Disruption of this relationship causes both appearance (aesthetic) and functional (Functional-Chewing) defects. If the lower jaw is in front, it is called Prognathi, if it is too far back, it is called Retragnati, and if the jaws are shifted to the right or left on each other, it is called Laterognathi. This situation causes both aesthetic appearance defect and chewing and biting problems, and its treatment is surgical correction of the jaws. In all of these disorders, the defect is not in the teeth, but in the jawbones themselves.
In prognathia, the lower jaw appears to be large, in Retrognathia the lower jaw is small, and in Laterognati, the lower jaw appears to be shifted to one side. Since the upper jaw is small or large, it will give a similar appearance, so evaluation with various measurement methods may be required.
In general, after jaw surgery, the lower and upper jaw teeth should be connected to each other and the mouth should be closed for 2-6 weeks, during this time the patient is fed with watery food. In order to avoid the traces of the operations performed, the operations can be performed through the mouth. In surgeries performed with modern techniques, mini, micro screws and plates are used to increase the durability and enable the patient to return to daily life and activities early.
Similarly, jaw and face problems and jaw and facial bone fractures caused by accidents and diseases are treated with surgical intervention, screw and plate application if necessary, and bone transplantation (bone graft) from other parts of the body, if necessary.
Jaw tumors are diseases that require maxillofacial surgery. Even if these tumors are cancerous or more innocent, they are usually treated surgically. Since the maxillofacial bones have a very complex structure and are very interrelated, it is important to detect the disease at a young age, that is, to diagnose it early. The spread of the disease to the sinuses, neck, mouth, eyes, and brain makes treatment difficult.