Trauma is a normal reaction to events that are not normal. Witnessing or experiencing an event with the risk of serious injury or injury to oneself or someone else, death or death, and the horror and helplessness felt as a result of exposure to sexual violence, in order to cope with the event at that moment. When the event is remembered, it may feel as if it is reliving the moment, or it may be told as if it was experienced by someone else.
When the subjective experiences created by trauma and post-traumatic stress are observed, it has been observed that people with Post-Traumatic Stress disorder divide their lives into pre- and post-traumatic. As mentioned above, it is possible to experience the perception of time as if it has stopped, or to experience it as if it has been gathered in a single point, due to the division that occurred at the time of the traumatic event. As a result of an internal or external trigger, the past event may take over the present. In addition, trauma survivors may describe their feelings as worrying that they will lose control at any moment, or feeling lost and disconnected from their normal state of existence and lost their sense of security, unable to understand what is happening, and terrified.
As a result of traumatic events, the memory may not be able to be processed due to the inability of the brain to perform its normal processing flow. Re-experiencing the trauma while struggling to reprocess the traumatic memory that cannot be processed in PTSD can make the person feel that they have lost control and are a prisoner of the symptoms. Re-enactments can often be seen unconsciously in an effort to master the traumatic experiences. The situation can push the person into re-traumatized experiences and may be injured in the same place over and over.
With the decrease in trust in people after trauma, changes can be observed in relationship patterns. Changes in relationship patterns may be related to alienation, numbness, fear, and anger. When there is intense shame, a tendency to stay away from people for fear of rejection may be observed. may impair the capacity for intimacy.
The traumatic event may have different repercussions in each individual, so it should be considered how it is interpreted in the subjective world of the individual. Cognitive behavioral therapies, EMDR and drug treatments are applied in the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.