Tonsils and Adenoid Problems

— What are tonsils (tonsils) and adenoids? What does it do?

The tonsils and adenoids are part of the lymphoid tissue in the body and

help the system. adenoid; located in the nasopharynx (nasal) behind the nose

is lymphoid tissue. The tonsils are two lymphoid tissues located on both sides of the throat.

However, the role of tonsils and adenoids in the immune system is very important.

is not. There is no negative situation related to immunity in people who have had tonsils and adenoids removed.

The absence of this also shows that.

— What kind of problems do tonsils and adenoids cause?

The tonsils and adenoids cause some problems due to both infections and their size.

they can cause. Although frequent infections affect the daily life of the person, they are frequently

also lead to drug use. The most important problem in infections is the heart.

valves, joints and kidneys are at risk.

Apart from infections, the size of the tonsils and adenoids also causes important results.

In cases where the tonsils are excessively large; swallowing, feeding, and speech problems occur

interest. In cases where the adenoid is too large, the most important problem is nasal congestion and

these people sleep with their mouths open and snoring. Especially adenoids and tonsils

growth and development of children due to sleep problems seen in older children

stops. The nose regulates the temperature and humidity of the inhaled air and traps some harmful particles. This

For this reason, it causes some respiratory problems in people who breathe through the mouth.

In cases where the adenoids enlarge, there is also aeration disorder in the middle ear and related

collapse of the eardrum, hearing loss and communication disorder, development in the jaw and facial bones

disorder, sore throat (pharyngitis) due to post-nasal drip, cough and lower respiratory tract

problems, headache, sinusitis problems may also occur.

— In which cases surgery is required:

Conditions that require surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids are as follows;

Frequent infections: 3 or more times per year in consecutive years

is infection.

Enlargement of the tonsils to make it difficult to swallow even if there is no infection

Unilateral enlargement of tonsil tissue (symptom of lymphoma or other nasty disease)

as it may be)

Frequent accumulation on the tonsils that can cause bad breath

– Enlargement of adenoid tissue to the extent that it impairs breathing

Causes otitis media and hearing loss;

-Frequently causing sinusitis and lower respiratory tract problems

— At What Age Should the Surgery Be Performed:;

There is no exact age for surgery. The decision is made according to the harm caused to the patient. many times children

Waiting for it to grow can be harmful to the patient and reduces the success of the treatment.

— How Tonsil and Adenoid Surgery Is Performed:

Tonsil and adenoid surgeries, with general anesthesia, an incision through the mouth, from the outside

done without. Adenoid tissue is scraped from the back of the nose (curettage).

Tonsils, on the other hand, are bleeding controlled without using a knife, thanks to today’s technology.

done using methods. The operation time is approximately 30 minutes and is usually the same day.

discharge is made.

— What are the Risks and Complications of the Surgery:

Like any surgery, the risks and complications of tonsil and adenoid surgeries

can happen. The surgery is performed with general anesthesia, but anesthesia technique and

Advances in medicines are reducing this risk day by day. Apart from that, the most common

The complication is bleeding. Although it can sometimes reach serious dimensions, it should be handled carefully and meticulously.

With the study and appropriate follow-up of the patient, this problem is rare. Postoperative pharyngitis

There is a misconception that it exists. Existing pharyngitis has something to do with the removal of the tonsils

there is none.

— What Should Be Considered After the Surgery:

The most important rules to follow are related to nutrition. The possibility of bleeding, especially in the first 3 days

Cold and liquid foods should be chosen because there are more Therefore, cold milk, soup, fruit

Foods such as juice, pudding, ice cream are ideal. Dark blood on the first day of surgery

Vomiting is normal and is related to blood swallowed during surgery. But always red

The appearance of new colored blood requires immediate consultation with your doctor. Slow from day 4

slowly switch to normal food. The patient does not want to eat anything because of the pain.

causes continuation. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids. mild fever after surgery

is to be expected. Usually with adequate fluid intake and antipyretic drugs

returns to normal. Sometimes patients consult a doctor a few days after the operation.

They complain that inflammation develops in the area. This is usually after the tonsils are removed.

is that the healing tissue that creates a white cover in the area misleads the patient.

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