Tonsillitis

Tonsils are immune tissues located in the mouth on both sides of our throat. They are part of the body’s defense system. Tonsils play a role in the formation of substances called antibodies to fight microbes entering the body. There are two tonsils in each person.

How does tonsillitis occur?
Faced with microbes and bacteria, tonsils become inflamed and often increase in size after inflammation. Each inflammation enlarges the tonsils, but shrinks again after appropriate treatment. However, the appearance of inflammation is not always the same. Sometimes slight redness is seen, sometimes the tonsils are covered with a white and yellow layer. It gets porous. Spot-like inflammations can be seen. It should be seen by an Ear Nose and Throat Specialist in order to avoid confusion with other tables.

How does tonsillitis manifest?
Complaints such as sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, feeling stuck during swallowing, fever, weakness, bad smell in the mouth, swelling in the neck glands, change in speech should suggest tonsillitis.

Is it necessary to use antibiotics in tonsillitis?
Yes. Thanks to antibiotics, tonsillitis can be treated without much problems in recent years. However, it would be appropriate to carry out studies to determine the type of the infecting microbe known as “throat culture”. A “throat culture” is absolutely necessary, especially in cases that recur frequently. Although the inflammation is eliminated, sometimes the size of the tonsil may not disappear.

When should tonsils be operated?
After the frequent inflammations, the tonsils cease to be a part of the defense system and become a structure that makes the body weak. Then they must be surgically removed. Tonsils that are large enough to prevent breathing and swallowing should also be removed. Again, as a result of their own inflammation, if they have come to a position that causes them to get sick in their nearby organs, they should be removed. In such cases, your doctor will perform the necessary examinations and make recommendations for the operation.

Is the surgery done while asleep?
It is done with general anesthesia in children. However, in adults over the age of 18 who can adapt, it is often preferred to perform local anesthesia in well-equipped environments such as the operating room.

Is tonsil surgery risky?
As with any operation, this surgery is risky. This risk may arise from anesthesia as well as from the surgery itself. Tonsil surgery leaves two open areas, where the incision is not sutured after the tissue is removed. These areas remain open for a while and crust over and heal. Bleeding is the most important risk of this surgery. However, technological development has minimized this issue.

Isn’t the body’s defense system weakened when the tonsils are removed?
No. Because there are many organs and formations in the body that support the defense system. Tonsils are just one of them.

Will the removed tonsils grow back?
No. This is an incorrect assessment. The enlargement of remnants in insufficiently removed tonsils is sometimes thought of as an enlargement of the tonsils. Adequately taken tonsils do not grow back.

Do you get sick more often when tonsils are removed?
No. When the tonsils are removed, the defense system activates other resources of the body. However, if the patients whose tonsils were removed consume more cold foods and beverages, they often result in pharyngeal inflammation. (=pharyngitis)they spend.

When does bleeding occur after tonsillectomy?
Postoperative bleeding is often seen as a result of increased intra-abdominal pressure and vascular pressure, such as straining and straining during recovery from surgery. Therefore, the first hours after surgery are important. However, bleeding may occur in the first twenty-four hours or even 7-10 days later. Although this surgery does not require hospitalization, it is also possible to be hospitalized for 24 hours in order to prevent the family from worrying in case of bleeding.

Is post-operative control required?
Yes. The patient’s control will be done at different times according to your surgeon. It is seen in the first week and the patient is re-informed that the white crusts on the operation site are normal.

Is it necessary to use medication after the operation?
Yes. Painkillers are usually given. This medicine is usually in the form of syrup or drops.

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