Tonsil and Nasal Surgery

Tonsil and adenoid surgery is one of the most common operations performed in children.
tonsil operation is also not uncommon. Tonsil and adenoid operation, antibiotics
albeit less than before it was discovered, it is still a valuable tool to improve the health of children and adults.
is the operation.

Studies in recent years have also shown that people suffering from persistent otitis media and
Adenoid surgery may be beneficial in children with fluid.

What is the Purpose of Tonsils and Adenoids? These structures are found in our neck, groin and other parts of our body.
They are in a structure similar to the structure of lymph tissue or glands found in their regions.
are parts of the surrounding tissue, such as a circle. ‘Nasal’ is the name given to the space behind the nose.
The adenoid is located in the upper part of the throat, behind the nose and soft palate; your tonsils
on the contrary, they cannot be seen directly with the naked eye without special instruments. The tonsils are located at the back of the throat on both sides.
These are two tissues that are located on the side and can vary in size.

The tonsils and adenoids are located at the beginning of the respiratory and digestive system. food taken,
It is one of the tissues that first come into contact with the beverage and the inhaled air. They help the body’s defense. Each
like tissue, as long as they function and do not become harmful to the person, they are beneficial.
are structures.

These duties take place in the first few years of life and become less important in the child’s later years. But,
There is no evidence that tonsils and adenoids are important after the age of three. lab tests and
In a large scientific study conducted with follow-up, in children whose tonsils and adenoids were removed, the future
They did not have a defense disorder against any disease in their life.

How is Tonsil and Adenoid?
The basic methods used in the evaluation of tonsils and adenoids are as follows:

1-Medical history
2-Physical examination
3-Bacteriological culture
4-X-ray examination
5-Blood tests
6-Other possible investigations

Small mirrors or endoscopes may be used to examine your nose and throat. physical examination
During the procedure, the lymph nodes in your neck will also be evaluated.

Bacteriological throat cultures are useful in certain situations. The condition of the throat whether to culture or not
and according to the appearance, your doctor will decide.

In rare cases where the adenoid cannot be seen directly, X-ray examination may be useful.

Which Diseases Affect Tonsils and Adenoids? Most common in tonsils and adenoids in children
The problems are recurrent inflammation (causing sore throat) and being large (breathing and swallowing)
Recurrent acute inflammation of the tonsils also occurs in adults. Tonsil
Abscess may occur around it, with chronic tonsillitis and cheesy appearance on the tonsils, bad
Small pockets that cause bad breath may occur. Tumors may also occur in the tonsils, but they are rare.

When Should I Contact My Doctor?

In yourself or your child, the following conditions caused by inflammation and enlargement of the tonsils and adenoids
You should consult your doctor when you see: recurrent sore throat, fever, chills, bad breath,
stuffy nose and runny nose, recurrent ear infections, mouth breathing, snoring and sleep
disorders.

How Are Tonsils and Adenoid Diseases Treated?
Every adult or child can get a tonsil infection once or twice a year.
we mean microbial tonsils that will put the person to bed, are feverish and require antibiotics
is an infection.

In some children and adults, it may be recommended to remove the tonsils and adenoids. Tonsils and adenoids
The two main reasons for taking it are recurrent inflammations despite antibiotic treatment (2) enlarged tonsils and
respiratory distress due to adenoid. Respiratory obstruction, snoring and sleep disorders
This leads to hyperactivity in children and daytime sleepiness in adults.
dentists, the continuous mouth breathing caused by the large tonsils and adenoids, the face and jaw
They believe that their structure causes developmental disorders.

In adults, the suspicion of a tumor or cancer may also be a reason for the removal of the tonsils and adenoids.

In some people, in conditions such as ‘infectious mononucleosis’, an overgrown tonsil can obstruct the airway.
it can clog. In these people, cortisone therapy may be beneficial.

Again, in the light of current medical knowledge, in the following cases, harm to the body rather than benefit
It was decided that tonsil operation should be performed.

1- Frequent tonsillitis (at least 3 times a year in the last 3 years, at least 5 times a year in the last 2 years)
once or at least 7 times a year in the last 1 year)

2- In case of tonsil abscess

3- In case the tonsils are large enough to cause respiratory or feeding problems

4- Being a carrier of some microbes or suspected of having a tumor

5- If tonsil infection persists despite appropriate antibiotic treatment

Adenoid surgery is also performed in the following cases:

1- In the early childhood or newborn period, the nose is severe enough to cause difficulty in breathing.
Adenoid surgery can be performed even at the age of two days in children with obstruction.

2- It causes long-lasting nasal congestion and causes mouth breathing and snoring.
cases

3- In middle ear infections that do not respond to treatment or recurring

4- In newborns whose nose is not open from birth, with the operation in which this is opened.

5- Causing nasal congestion, in cases of recurrent colds and sinusitis

6- With some ear operations in children

Tonsil and adenoid operations are performed completely inside the mouth. Operations, also in the summer
can be done easily and safely. The main thing is to perform the operation when necessary.

The child and his family should openly discuss this operation and encourage the child’s curiosity and curiosity throughout the entire event.
Fear must be dispelled.

Children are aware that their throat will be sore after the operation.
In addition, it should be noted that during the operation, an important part of their body will not be removed and their external appearance will be
It should be assured that it will not change. If there is a friend who has undergone tonsil surgery,
Speaking is also helpful.

Aspirin, starting at least ten days before, especially in tonsil and adenoid operations
and drugs with the same content should not be used. If other drugs are used, the physician must be informed.
If the child or family has a problem with anesthesia before, it is absolutely necessary to consult the doctor.
Information about the patient’s bleeding problem, pregnancy and cortisone use.
should be given to the doctor.

Provided that it starts at least six hours before the operation, the patient should remain hungry and thirsty like fasting.
The ban also includes chewing gum, mouthwash, toothpaste and water.
The operation may be delayed due to the possibility of vomiting of stomach contents.

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