Toilet training

Toilet habit is expected to be acquired between 18 and 36 months. However, the important thing is that the child feels physically and psychologically ready for this training. The first signs that are necessary for toilet training are to give notice while or immediately after going to the toilet.

Signs that a child is ready for toilet training include:

  • Imitating adult behavior

  • Understanding and following simple instructions

  • Being uncomfortable and asking to be cleaned when your bottom is dirty

  • Expressing the need for toilet verbally or by sign

  • Being able to pull down and pull your pants on your own

  • Taking care of others while using the toilet

  • Expressing that you don’t want to use diapers

  • Being able to stay dry for 2-3 hours

Is it necessary? Is it an adapter?

It is more convenient to use a potty first for toilet training. Before starting toilet training, buy a potty that the child will choose and put it in his room. Let him sit on the potty dressed. You can help them gain familiarity with the potty by playing games such as sitting teddy bears or babies and having them go to the toilet.

If you are going to use a toilet adapter, make sure that your foot touches the ground, put a riser under your foot. Thanks to the step, he can reach the toilet easily and feels safe and comfortable as his feet touch the ground. Also, his feet must be touching the ground for his bowels to move.

Wear clothes that are comfortable to wear and take off and wash easily. Use training pants.

Getting started with toilet training…

Choose a time for potty training where you can give it your full attention. The weekend or vacation time is a good time to start toilet training. Make sure that toilet training doesn’t coincide with other changes (like the birth of a sibling or starting kindergarten). Indicate that he is growing and will now go to the toilet/potty. Remove diaper and put on training pants. For the first two days, say “toilet time” at intervals of 20-30 minutes, take it to the toilet and sit it down. If he resists sitting down and doesn’t want to, don’t force it.

Hug and kiss her when she goes to the toilet/potty, praise and reward her with something she likes (chocolate, paste). Even if he does not reach the toilet on time, reward him in the same way for notifying. By recording the times he goes to the toilet, you can see how often he goes to the toilet. Gradually extend the toilet seat intervals.

Children should not be sitting on the potty or toilet for long periods of time. Sitting on the toilet for a long time means punishment for the child and makes toilet training difficult.

Some children may be afraid of the flush. Potty is more suitable for these children. In cases where the toilet needs to be used, the toilet can be flushed after the child goes out. Over time, the child may get used to the sound of the siphon and may want to draw it himself.

Difficulties in toilet training:

A 2-year-old child does not have the ability to wait for the toilet. Children are very busy with their work (play). Therefore, they do not notice beforehand that their toilet is coming. It is normal to have many “accidents” during the learning phase. Controlling the bladder and bowel muscles is a great skill for 2-3 year olds and some problems occur from time to time.

Gaining control of bladder and intestinal muscles takes between 18 and 36 months; In general, toilet training can be given between the ages of 2.5 -3 years. Studies show that starting toilet training early does not increase the time of toilet habit acquisition. Again, studies have revealed that children who receive toilet training before 27 months of age do not acquire toilet training earlier than children who start toilet training after this age. Difficulty in toilet training prevents learning. Pressure, stress, and punishment make toilet habit difficult to acquire.

Defecation Problem:

During toilet training, some children may prefer to use their large toilets in hiding. In this case, punishment does not work and increases the resistance of the child. Stool is very valuable for the child as it is a product that comes out of himself. It should not be stated that it smells bad or is dirty. Pouring the stool into the toilet and flushing it can be done in a ceremonial manner. Encouragement and reward work.

Physical Problems:

Sometimes, due to constipation, the child may feel pain while using the toilet. For this reason, he may prefer to hold the toilet and not sit on the toilet. Intestinal muscles can be relaxed by taking a hot bath. If the problem persists, the pediatrician should be consulted. The child who manages to stay dry throughout the day may sometimes experience re-wetting problems. This can be caused by a health problem such as a urinary tract infection or a life change (such as birth of a sibling, death, separation, starting school).

If bedwetting that continues for more than a few days is thought to be caused by a health problem, a doctor should be consulted, and if there is a vital change, a specialist should be consulted. Children who continue to have bedwetting problems even though they are 4 years old should definitely be taken to a urology specialist.


  • Be supportive, encourage him to do it.

  • Do not print.

  • Take a break when you feel the child is struggling and start again after a few months.

  • Do not coincide toilet training with the birth of a sibling, starting school, or moving.

  • Cuddle and kiss him when he urinates or poops on the potty or toilet, rewarding him with something he likes (like a piece of chocolate or a sticky).

  • Don’t get angry or punish him when he goes under the toilet. Encourage him to succeed next time.

  • Children learn new skills in small steps. Don’t wait for the result (to the toilet) to reward. Thank and reward (hug and kiss) for being able to pull down his pants.

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