What is eyelid (blepharoplasty) surgery?
Eyelid (blepharoplasty) surgery, both congenital and subsequent; These are surgeries applied to remove functional and/or cosmetic deformities.
At what age can eyelid (blepharoplasty) surgery be performed?
Congenital deformities recognized at an early age should be repaired as soon as possible, before permanent damage to vision occurs.
Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery can be performed at any age, starting from adolescence.
What are the deformities that occur in the eyelid over time?
Eyelids close and open thousands of times every day, voluntarily or involuntarily. These movements, which are perceived as very simple for us, actually occur as a result of the harmonious operation of more than one muscle. These repetitive movements, the cumulative effect of gravity, the decrease in the quality of the skin and subcutaneous tissues due to aging, the diseases (frequent recurring allergic diseases, etc.) cause deformation in the eyelids and tissues around the eyes.
Eyelids do not consist of a single tissue type. Many tissues such as skin, muscle, separating connective tissue, adipose tissue form a composite whole, namely the eyelid. One or more of these structures may be affected during the aging process. For this reason, before the eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery, it is very important to reveal which of the above-mentioned tissues is the cause of the deformity.
The most common deformities in patients who need eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery,
· over time, excess skin, that is, sagging,
· thickening of the muscle tissue under the skin due to overdevelopment,
· It occurs as a result of laxity in the eyelid compartment and herniation of the fat tissues in the deep layers under the skin in a way that can be seen from the outside.
How is eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) performed?
Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery can be performed under local or general anesthesia. If it is decided to apply local anesthesia, sedation (administration of sedative medication) can also be applied to the patient. In this way, the patient who is not fully conscious can undergo eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery without any anxiety or pain.
In a typical eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery, the upper eyelids are primarily intervened. Excess skin and muscle are cleaned with incisions made from the lines planned before the operation, and herniated fat tissues are cleaned or reshaped. Afterwards, the skin incision is carefully stitched and closed. In the next stage, the lower eyelids are intervened. Respectively, muscle and skin excesses of adipose tissues are intervened and the skin is closed.
Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery can be performed alone; if deemed necessary by your relevant physician; Botox® can be combined with procedures such as brow lift, forehead lift, face lift.
What should you pay attention to before eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery?
Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery carries some risks as it is a surgical intervention. It would be appropriate to discuss these risks with your responsible plastic surgeon in the pre-operative period.
First of all, before the eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery, which will make a significant change in our appearance; You must be mentally and psychologically ready for this process. If you have the slightest doubt about the necessity of the surgery or the suitability of the conditions, you should discuss this with your doctor and cancel the operation for a while if necessary.
It would be appropriate to inform your doctor about the following issues before the operation.
· General health status (cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, previous drug allergy, bleeding and wound healing problem, etc.)
· Medicines you have recently used or are currently using (psychiatric medicines, diabetes medicines, blood pressure medicines, aspirin and other blood thinners)
· Non-drug supplements you use (blood thinners, herbal teas, etc.)
Since it negatively affects wound healing, it would be appropriate to stop smoking in the 10-14 days before the eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery. If this is not possible, you should inform your doctor.
If you don’t mind, it would be appropriate to discontinue blood thinners such as aspirin, at least 8 days before the eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery, provided that you get the opinion of your relevant branch doctor.
What should I pay attention to after eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery?
After eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery, small bands will be placed in the areas where the surgical incisions are. The eyelids are of very high quality and heal without scarring, so your stitches will be removed on the 3rd day after the surgery.
In the early postoperative period, it is important to lie in a position with your head higher than the heart level. This will reduce the edema around the eyes. In the early period, if your doctor deems it appropriate, you can apply cold locally.
Again, since it negatively affects your wound healing quality, it would be appropriate to postpone smoking for as long as possible after eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery.
You may have mild/moderate pain after eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty). This pain can be controlled with painkillers given by your doctor.
If you need to use blood thinners due to different health problems, you should definitely inform your doctor who performed your surgery.
If you are a hypertensive patient, the increase in your tension may cause blood accumulation in the operation area and various wound healing problems after eyelid aesthetic (blepharoplasty) surgery. For this reason, you should use these drugs properly and avoid high blood pressure. If you have any doubts about this after being discharged home, you should definitely contact your doctor.
Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty) surgery is not an operation that connects patients to the bed and has a long recovery period. However, after such surgeries, bruises may occur around your eyes, which can last for 7-10 days. Because of this possibility, you should definitely review your social and professional activity planning after surgery.