Thyroid gland and thyroid diseases

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck at the level of the Adam’s apple, weighing approximately 20gr.
It is an organ responsible for hormone production. With the hormones it produces, it is almost the orchestra conductor of the body.
acting like; metabolic processes such as heat, energy, nutrition, sleep and circulation.
regulate processes. Thyroid gland is the hormone TSH secreted from the pituitary gland.
It is the main production site of T4 and T3 hormones. The cellular effects of these hormones
It controls all of the basic metabolic processes in the body.
Thyroid diseases are basically divided into two groups. The most common type of gland is low hormone
is a hypothyroid state. The most common reason for this is Hashimoto, whose frequency is increasing day by day.
thyroiditis. In this case, there is less hormone production due to damage to the gland, which
fatigue, generalized pain, drowsiness, hair loss, weight gain,
manifest as edema. After the examinations were completed, these patients were treated with thyroid hormone.
tablets are started. A regular level of hormones in the blood with regular checks
can be provided.

The other group is hyperthyroidism-thyrotoxicosis, which is popularly known as toxic goiter.
In these patients, the gland produces excess hormone due to infection, abnormal stimulus, nodule, etc.
in question. This condition is often accompanied by palpitations, sweating, insomnia, overeating,
It gives symptoms in the form of brightness, irritability, weight loss, menstrual irregularity. This situation
It is basically treated with antithyroid drugs that suppress hormone production. Patients’ clinical
surgery or radioactive iodine for patients who do not benefit from drug treatment according to their characteristics.
treatments can be planned by specialist physicians.

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