Hypothyroidism is a disease caused by insufficient functioning of the thyroid gland, which manifests itself with difficulty in losing weight, irritability, fatigue, dry skin, constipation, and headache. Thyroid hormone is such an important hormone that it affects all body functions. The most common one we encounter today is Hashimoto’s thyroid.
Hypothyroidism negatively affects life;
- May raise cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- It slows the lymph flow, which causes edema.
- Problems occur in the digestion of nutrients in the food consumed
- metabolism slows down
- The person may begin to gain weight
- Menstrual irregularity may occur in women
How to feed in hypothyroidism?
Iodine deficiency causes hypothyroidism, so the use of iodized salt is important.
Sometimes the use of iodized salt may not be enough, if the person takes too much goitrogen nutrients, iodine absorption is prevented. Especially cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, radishes, cauliflower, turnips, soybeans, mustard, peanuts should not be consumed too much raw. Cooking and consuming it will be healthier as it will reduce the amount of goitrogen.
Avoid foods containing caffeine, especially coffee, tea, cola, chocolate.
Thyroid functions become irregular when selenium is insufficiently fed. Fish, beef liver, turkey and beef, lentils, mushrooms, sesame, walnuts, sunflower seeds and whole grains should be consumed adequately in order to prevent the selenium level from falling.
Since chocolate also contains cadmium, thyroid patients should consume it carefully. Excess cadmium removes selenium from the body.
Omega-3 has the feature of regulating thyroid functions, consume fish twice a week.
Try to consume whole grain products and legumes. Dried legumes are a good source of vegetable protein and should be consumed twice a week. If you smoke, try to quit, smoking reduces thyroid functions.
The most common problem in the thyroid is edema. For this reason, never neglect your water consumption, try to drink 2-2.5 liters of water a day.