Unwanted hair on the body is an aesthetic problem for both women and men, but also has an important place in terms of health. Ingrown hair and ingrown hairs, which are common in the groin and legs in women, and often seen in the beard area of men, can cause problems both in terms of aesthetics and health. In addition, excessive hair growth, which can be caused by hereditary, hormonal or various drugs used, poses a great problem for people who have this problem. Methods such as wax, razor, string, tweezers and chemical hair removers used today to get rid of unwanted hair do not produce permanent results. On the other hand, it is possible to get rid of unwanted hair permanently with laser application.
The aim of laser epilation is to disrupt the function of the stem cells that produce the hair. The sudden high heat energy generated by the absorption of the laser beam by the black dye substance in the structure of the hair, called melanin, damages the stem cells that produce the hair. While black hairs, that is, hairs containing a lot of melanin, are more affected by epilation, while the effectiveness of gray and white hairs is almost negligible.
Diode, Alexandrite, nd:yag and mixed pulse technology lasers are laser systems used for epilation purposes. Each of them can be preferred in different situations, that is, according to the skin color of the person, hair type and the area to be applied. There is no such thing as the best laser system. The appropriate use of all of them ensures good results. Recently, more effective and safe applications can be made with lasers working with mix pulse technology. Lasers working with mixed pulse technology give more successful results in facial hair and fine hair compared to other laser systems.
in our body hair growth (anagen), rest (catagen), shedding (telogen) they are in phase. If laser is applied while the hair is in the growth phase, that hair can be permanently destroyed. The rate of hair in the growth phase is different in each person and in different body parts. For this reason, the success rate of laser differs from person to person and according to the application area.
Although the sessions vary according to the location of the hairs and the genetic characteristics of the person, the average
It is done with an interval of 1-2 months. Approximately 80%hair loss is seen.
Before laser hair removal, a consultation with a specialist should be made. In this interview, the hair structure, color and skin in the area where the application will be made are evaluated. Suitability for laser and possible results are discussed. In the interview, the drugs used by the person to be treated, his medical history and expectations are evaluated. As a result of the interview, the appropriate laser type and appropriate dose for laser epilation are determined by the doctor. Before laser epilation, doctors test the effect of laser epilation on skin and hair by applying tests to people they deem appropriate.
- What does the success of laser hair removal depend on?
Hair color: In laser epilation applications, the efficiency is higher in thick hairs. For this reason, the darker the hair, the more successful the laser epilation will be. On fine hairs, there is little or no activity.
Skin color: The light skin color of the person to be treated provides an advantage in the application. Because the dose increase can be done more easily in light skin types. The higher the laser dose, the greater the success.
Device selection:Choosing the right device and the right dose is very important for a successful laser epilation application.
Area to be epilated: One of the most difficult areas in epilation is the face area. Nd-Yag and diode lasers are the most ideal choices for the face area. Alexandrite laser should not be preferred in the face area. Armpit, genital and lower leg areas are the areas that respond best to laser epilation.
Gender:Women are more advantageous for laser hair removal.
- What should be considered before laser hair removal?
At least one month before laser epilation, waxing, epilator, tweezers and threading should not be done. In order for the laser beam to be effective, it must travel along the hair and reach the root of the hair. Dose adjustment should be made on darkened skin.
The drugs used before laser epilation and all known diseases, especially skin diseases, should be reported to the doctor. In addition, if acne has been treated in the last 6 months, the doctor should be informed.
- What preparations are made for laser hair removal?
Before laser epilation, the area is cleaned of deodorant and other cosmetics with a wet tissue. The hairs in the area are shortened with a shaver. In order to prevent loss of time in the sessions after the first session, the person can perform the shortening process 3 days in advance. Pain is usually minimal in a laser epilation session. However, local anesthetic cream can be applied approximately 1 hour before the procedure in people who feel very painful.
- How is laser epilation applied?
The laser beams produced in the laser device are applied to the skin with a handpiece. People who do or have laser epilation treatment must wear protective glasses during the procedure. The rays applied to the skin are held by the dye substance called melanin, which is in the structure of the hair and gives the black color. The captured light energy is converted into heat energy in the hair. The heat transmitted to the hair root destroys the hair root in milliseconds. At this time, a slight needle prick sensation is felt, and redness is observed. These symptoms indicate that the hairs are affected. Pain and side effects are reduced by air or contact cooling provided through the device during the procedure.
- After laser hair removal:
After laser epilation, cooling the area with ice or air at intervals of 15-20 minutes relaxes the skin, reduces redness and swelling or completely loses it. Moisturizing the area with moisturizers after the procedure again ensures the recovery of the skin.
Very hot water should not be applied for the first 24 hours after laser epilation.
Heavy sports that make the area where epilation is applied should not be done.
For 15 days after the application, one should not sunbathe and enter the solarium for the purpose of tanning.
If laser epilation is applied to exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, sunscreen must be used.