The Role of Supportive Psychotherapy and Psychologist in Psychoses and Schizophrenia Cases

Supportive Psychotherapy brings great benefits to individuals who have major health problems due to various conditions (Cuijper et al. 2008). Supportive Psychotherapy has been described as improving the symptoms of the discomfort exhibited by the person, increasing the adaptation ability of the individual with the environment and the disease, improving self-esteem and bringing functionality to a more normal level (Watson et al. 2004).

Although supportive psychotherapy generally deals with the present and current problems, retrospective studies can be carried out if a relationship is observed between past disorders and current problems from time to time (Watson et al. 2004). It has been shown that the distressing process experienced by individuals as the cause of this situation may occur for both conscious and unconscious reasons (Gabbard, 2009). One of the situations aimed in this approach is to enable the individual to establish a connection between his actions, thought schemes and their results, and thus increase his insight (Watson et al. 2004).

Due to the conditions of the situation they are in, patients adapt to the environment more unsuccessfully than they normally do. Changing this state, enabling the individual to better adapt to the environment and the conditions of the disease he is struggling with, is of great value in terms of the process of the disease and the mental health of the individual. In addition to this situation, the decrease in the self-esteem of the individual during this period is among the factors that make this situation (healing process) more difficult. If the self-confidence of the person can be increased with Supportive Psychotherapy, it enables him to cope with the difficult conditions of the situation he is in and to accept these situations.

The situations that Supportive Psychotherapy wants to achieve are usually situations that adopt the principle of struggle. The individual is going through a very difficult period due to the discomfort he experiences. The individual has largely lost his functionality and his adaptation to his environment has decreased. In Supportive Psychotherapy, the therapist strives for the client to cope more easily with the difficulties caused by the exhausting and oppressive state they are in, and aims to become more successful in this regard (Watson et al. 2004). Different ways to achieve this are mentioned in the literature. In order for the individual to achieve this, first of all, it is necessary for the individual to be aware of what he is fighting and to receive training about it. The patient, who better perceives the structure of the conditions he is in, begins to find out what he can do about it. In this way, its resistance to problems begins to increase gradually (Watson et al. 2004).

There are different studies in the literature. Supportive psychotherapy methods and their benefits are mentioned. The good and beautiful characteristics of the mistake, the positive experiences he had lived, the promising aspects of the disease he had were told to the individual, and the individual’s awareness was increased, and very positive results were obtained when the individual was pushed to be grateful (Bryant et al. 20005; Garland et al. 2010). In addition to all these situations, finding the positive feelings experienced by the individual and the source of these positive feelings and increasing the frequency of these feelings can be shown among the methods that work (Johnson et al. 2013). In addition to all these methods, it is among the goals that the individual realizes the strengths and successes in himself and uses them in daily life. These situations have an important place in the recovery of people (Seligman et al. 2005).

What can be the benefits of Supportive Psychotherapy for patients with psychotic symptoms?

The foremost of these benefits is its effect in the treatment of positive symptoms seen in psychotic individuals (Kuipers et al. 2006). In order to achieve this situation, one of the situations that a psychologist can do and set goals during supportive psychotherapy is to make an effort to examine the patient’s complaints and feelings well and to integrate them with reality (Kuipers et al. 2006).

Considering this, the most logical and reliable way to achieve this situation is to establish a cooperation based on a good trust relationship between the therapist and the patient (Kuipers et al. 2006).

In the case of the targeted association, the patient becomes able to cope with the symptoms of the disease more easily as intended (Rosenbaum, 2013).

However, with this method, the individual’s real and imaginary evaluation success will increase (Rosenbaum, 2013). One of the conditions that most affect the treatment of psychotic individuals is the regular intake of drugs, and as the above-mentioned goals are achieved, the individual begins to have this ability (Craighead, 2001).

Finally, another point that should be mentioned is the family education dimension of psychotherapy, which is very important (Watson et al, 2004). Patients with psychotic symptoms can be directly affected by the approach of the individuals around them and the knowledge of the individuals about the disorder (Rosenbaum, 2013).

The aim of the education of families in psychotic patients is to reduce recurrence, improve the functioning of the family and increase the adaptation of individuals (Arslantaş et al., 2009).

Education of the family in Supportive Psychotherapy enables them to understand the characteristics of the disease, helps the patient to cope with this situation, and simplifies this situation. Because of this situation, taking care of the family’s approach and education during the recovery process of the individual has an important place among the goals of Supportive Psychotherapy (Rosenbaum, 2013).

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