The Relationship Between Exposure to Prejudices Based on Sexual Orientation and Psychological Well-Being

Homosexuality is the emotional and sexual attraction to a woman or man of the same sex. For many years, homosexuality has been defined in negative terms such as sexual perversion, sexual identity disorder, and disease by various communities. In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM IV) showed that homosexuality is not a mental disorder, and this concept was removed from the disease classification. Despite this, prejudice and marginalization continue despite sexual identity and orientation.

conceptually gay ; means male homosexuality. Originally covering both male and female homosexuals, it is now used to refer only to male homosexuals. Lesbianis used to mean female homosexual. Bisexual ; means a man or woman who is emotionally and sexually attracted to both sexes. A bisexual person may not be equally attracted to both sexes, and the degree of this interest may change over time. Bisexuality does not require being attracted to a woman and a man at the same time, being with two people of both sexes at the same time. transgender ; A person who identifies as someone of the opposite sex. It applies to both men and women. Being a woman even though the person is a man; Although he is a woman, he may want to be a man. Intersex A person born with an external genitalia or internal reproductive system that is unusual for both men and women. “Like an umbrella in which more than one biological condition is defined” is a biological condition that encompasses people with different genitalia, reproductive organs and/or different chromosomes.

Despite all the developments in the field of Lesbian Gay Bisexual Intersex and Transgender studies, attitudes of discrimination, marginalization and violence against these individuals continue. When we look at the studies in the field of mental health, it is seen that LGBTI individuals experience more psychological and physiological experiences compared to the general population. In the emergence of this difference, the discrimination experienced by individuals due to their LGBTI identities negatively affects their psychological well-being and they have difficulty in self-perception; Therefore, it has been observed that they are more prone to the emergence of psychological disorders in their future lives.

When we look at the childhood studies, children who do not show behaviors specific to their biological sex are from their families, peers and society; they will be seen to be at risk of exclusion, abuse and neglect. It has been reported that preschool children displaying gender-specific atypical behaviors are disliked, mocked and exposed to physical violence by their peers. It has been stated that people who define themselves as LGBT in adulthood are exposed to more discrimination throughout their lives compared to heterosexuals. Therefore, being an LGBT individual can be a risk factor for negative life experiences and this can affect people’s well-being.

As Core Psychology, we created a psychological counseling line to support trans and LGBT+ individuals in coping with daily difficulties and discrimination, to support their mental health.

As Core Psychology team, Trans and LGBT+ clients work on strategies to protect their well-being, cope with stress and anxiety, and our team will provide psychological assistance to cover feelings such as unsolvable helplessness and hopelessness.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.