Wisdom teeth are also called third molars, and they usually appear in the back of the mouth after the age of 17. Although it is called 20-year-old teeth, often our patients can have their teeth extracted before they reach the age of 20. Wisdom teeth can be evaluated in 3 different ways.
The first of these are fully impacted wisdom teeth. These teeth can be extracted as long as they are not adjacent to the mandibular nerve in the lower jaw, and in some cases, minor local operations may be needed. In some cases, operation is not recommended for fully impacted wisdom teeth, which are located adjacent to the mandibular nerve, due to the risk of loss of sensation.
Another type of wisdom teeth is the fully erupted wisdom teeth, which are usually not interfered with. Since these teeth are located at the very back, they may not pose a problem in the first place. However, when effective tooth brushing cannot be performed, wisdom teeth can rot quickly and this decay can spread to the second molar, which is located in front of the 20-year-old tooth.
Finally, the most dangerous type of wisdom teeth are semi-impacted wisdom teeth. These teeth usually have a gingival layer over the chewing surface of the tooth. This layer is called the gingival hood. Due to this hood, food residues can often escape between the teeth and the gingival hood, and infective situations can be encountered even though the individual keeps oral hygiene at a high level. In such cases, complaints such as pain, swelling, bleeding and odor are seen.
Wisdom teeth should definitely be evaluated before treatment in orthodontic treatments and if necessary, they should be extracted. In cases where it does not affect orthodontic treatments, wisdom teeth can be re-evaluated at the end of the treatment and extraction may be considered in order to prevent long-term recurrence of orthodontic treatment.
Thanks to the developing technology today, 20-year-old female operations are no longer feared procedures. The physician, who performs the examination with advanced imaging techniques before tooth extraction, can perform the procedure with the least tissue loss during the operation and in the shortest time possible, and our patients can continue their daily lives after the operation. Most of the 20-year-old female operations can be performed under local anesthesia with a maximum of one and a half hour operations.