The Problem of Speech in Children

If your child is not able to form sentences of at least two words even though he is 2 years old, and tries to explain his problem only with sounds or single words, then speech delay is mentioned.

Factors Causing Speech Problems

Health: Severe and long-lasting illnesses can cause language development to be delayed. Fulfilling every wish of the child before he is given the opportunity to express his wishes due to illness delays speech development.

Intelligence:It is thought that the sounds a child makes before the age of 2 are not related to intelligence, and that language development at the age of 2 is directly proportional to the development of intelligence.

Gender: Although it is thought that the language development of boys is more backward than that of girls, this judgment does not always reflect the truth. All boys and girls are expected to form simple sentences when they are 2 years old.

Family relations: A healthy mother-child relationship positively affects language development. Talking to the child, reading to him, playing games with him enable the child to use the language properly and effectively.

Encouragement to Conversation: In order for language to be used as a means of communication, the child must feel it as a need. It is seen that the language development of children, whose every wish is understood and fulfilled without being given the opportunity to express their wishes, lags behind their peers.

Genetic Factors:If one or more of the family members such as father, uncle, uncle, first-degree cousin have a late speech problem, it can be thought that the speech problem seen in the child is caused by a genetic predisposition.

Developmental Problems:In cases where language development is affected, such as pervasive developmental disorder or autism, the child either does not speak at all or cannot use language effectively.

TV:Spending a long time in front of television, especially images with fast transitions such as commercials and clips, cause language development to be delayed.

Neurological Problems:Some problems in the speech center of the brain also cause problems in speaking and using language effectively.

What Can Be Done Against Speech Problem?

You need to find the source. If there is no physiological or developmental problem, speech delay is thought to be caused by the child not feeling the need to speak. Behaviors such as understanding and meeting the child’s every wish and need without expressing it and speaking for the child cause speech delay.

Activities to Support Language Development

  • It should be ensured that the child feels speech as a need. Encourage speaking without forcing. For example, if the child asks for water and only whimpers, instead of giving water immediately, “What do you want?” ask, if he can express, give, if he cannot express, “Do you want water?” ask and then give

  • Tell him about the things you do while dressing, eating, playing games.

  • Make sure they are together with their peers.

  • Make sure to use correct sentences while speaking. Do not use baby words.

  • Create opportunities for her to verbalize her wishes.

  • Don’t force him to talk, motivate him.

  • Look at picture books and describe what you see.

  • Sing short songs. Ask him to imitate your gestures and facial expressions.

  • Name the people you see in the photo album.

  • You can use concepts such as color, shape, size in your games.

  • You can include time concepts in your speech (such as today, tomorrow, later, next week).

  • Giving your child the opportunity to talk about their feelings and thoughts about events and sharing will increase their language development and self-confidence.

  • You can play word finding games.

  • You can produce different melodies by using music and rhythm instruments. A sense of rhythm is especially necessary for reading skills.

  • You can play dramatization games (like being a doctor, a barber, a tinkerer). Dramatization not only guides the child how to behave in certain situations, but also supports language development.

  • You can talk about what they see in the picture and around, what they watch on TV, and you can ask about their feelings and thoughts.

  • You can ask him to describe a painting he made.

  • You can go to places such as theatre, cinema, museum, exhibition and talk about what you see here.

  • You can talk about the properties of objects and come up with ideas about how they can be used differently.

  • You can take different pictures with the camera and talk about them later.

  • You can dramatize a story you read with puppets.

  • You can create stories using various objects.

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