You got great news today, CONGRATULATIONS YOU WILL BE A MOTHER ! So how can I, your nutritionist, help you and your baby spend these best months in a better and healthier way?
One of the most important things you will do for yourself and your baby is to eat properly during pregnancy. A healthy diet not only prepares you for birth and breastfeeding, but also positively affects your baby’s mental and physical development. Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition is an important risk factor for problems that may occur during pregnancy. If you are eating healthy before pregnancy, you will be able to meet your nutritional needs during pregnancy with only small changes.
If you’re saying, “I know how to feed, but I’m ready to do more for my baby,” let’s take a look at some of the advice I can happily offer you!
If there is a weight gain below or above the weight you should gain during pregnancy, this may pose a risk to the health of both you and your baby. Calculate your ideal weight range, not your ideal weight. Considering your weight at the time of your pregnancy, I’m writing down the average weight you should gain for 9 months here, it’s worth checking out!
WEAK BMI: 12.5-16 kg
NORMAL BMI: 10-14kg
LIGHT OBESITY: 7-9 kg
OBESE: 6 kg
In the first 3 months, there may be weight loss with nausea and vomiting. In this case, please do not be alarmed, you will start to gain weight when the nausea is over.
In the first 3 months of your pregnancy, craving and disgust will occur due to hormonal changes. While craving is most common for foods such as chocolate, pickles, citrus fruits, chips and ice cream, disgust is observed for meat, milk, eggs, fried foods, and highly spicy foods. Don’t worry, these symptoms will disappear from your 4th month.
Don’t be fooled into thinking that your baby will be malnourished; Babies are very small in the first 3 months, even if you don’t eat anything more than normal, they will meet all their needs from the mother’s body.
Instead of paying attention to your weight, you should take care to eat the right foods. You and your baby share the same foods; If you don’t eat what’s right, your baby won’t be able to feed right either. Even if you are overweight during pregnancy, do not try to lose weight. Every wrong step you make in your diet puts your baby’s nutrition at risk. Gaining the required amount of weight during pregnancy will also positively affect your baby’s weight.
Excess weight gain during pregnancy is also undesirable. With the increased load on the body, pains appear in the back and legs. Rapid and excessive weight gain raises blood pressure and puts extra burden on the heart (pregnancy poisoning with high blood pressure after 28 weeks may be preeclampsia, eclampsia). Excessive weight gain also lays the groundwork for gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes) occurring after the 24th week. It also leads to difficulties during childbirth.
Gestational diabetes is a condition caused by elevated blood sugar levels, which can occur temporarily at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. Conditions such as a family or individual history of diabetes, obesity, problematic pregnancies, and pregnancy after the age of 35 increase the risk of gestational diabetes. The expectant mother who has been diagnosed with gestational diabetes should definitely meet with a nutritionist and a nutrition program should be arranged for the mother.