The importance of psychological resilience in children and adolescents


All children and adolescents experience difficulties in certain areas of their lives. While some have difficulties in coping with these difficulties, others are quite successful in overcoming them. So how does this change? What do children and adolescents need for psychological well-being? How can you support your children as parents?

The concept of resilience derives from the Latin root “resilire” and is resilient; being flexible and elastic; In other words, after a negative life experience, stress or trauma, after being hurt and feeling psychologically bad, it means being able to recover immediately and return to the old self.

Let’s imagine a pilgrim does not sleep. When Hacıyatmaza is hit, instead of falling over, he goes back from where he was and goes back to his original state. Psychological resilience can also be compared to hajjimaz, if children and adolescents do not collapse in the face of a difficult situation, they can only be said to be psychologically sound if they can regress and regain their former state.

What are the Individual Characteristics that Increase Psychological Resilience in Children and Adolescents?

First of all, one of the most important requirements for psychological resilience is a normal or above-normal to intelligence is to have. In most of the studies, it has been observed that psychologically sound children and adolescents have higher intelligence and more academic skills than others.

Then, our temperament features are one of the factors that affect our psychological resilience. Easy temperament Psychological resilience of those who are outgoing, in harmony, self-control and responsibility, open to change; reactive, introverted and neurotic children were found to be higher.

Moreover self-confidence and self-esteem, self-efficacyand with high awarenessChildren and adolescents also have higher psychological resilience.

Having effective problem solving skills, optimism and hope, social competenceIt is also necessary for psychological resilience.

What is the Effect of Environment on Psychological Resilience in Children and Adolescents?

First of all, the child or adolescent have a positive close relationship with at least one member of the family is necessary. It is very important for resilience that the child or adolescent does not engage in an obsessive, apathetic or fearful attachment to the parent, but instead performs a secure attachment.

Having an adult outside the home who cares and supports the child or adolescentIn addition acceptance and support from their peersIt is also one of the factors that increase robustness.

Finally presented to the child or adolescent environmental diversity, that is, the abundance of health, sports, culture, art and entertainment activitiesIt is one of the important protective factors that support psychological resilience.

Psychological resilience is an important concept for children and adolescents to be more positive at school, on the street, in the family, in the circle of friends and in themselves, to cope with the difficulties they experience more easily, to understand others and themselves easily, to have good social relations and to be successful in academic terms. In addition, the high psychological resilience of children and adolescents between the ages of 9-18 will make them happier and more satisfied with their lives in adulthood.

In my sessions, I help children and adolescents take steps to lead a happy life by supporting their psychological resilience, while I also interview parents about how they can support their children.

Some of the work I have done to develop psychological resilience with children and adolescents in my sessions are:

– Developing effective communication skills
– Raising the level of hope
– Increasing the ability to take responsibility
– Strengthening the ability to empathize
– Increase self-confidence and self-esteem
-To increase the potential of children and adolescents to use their intelligence
-To raise awareness about himself and his environment
-To reduce negative thoughts and gain the ability to think positively
– Increasing the ability to cope with stress
-Strengthening effective problem solving ability
-Using positive humor
-Building stronger and more secure bonds with his family…

Let’s take the right steps on how you can help your child while increasing the strength of your child.


Akar, A. (2018). The Effect of the Resilience Program on the Resilience Level of Adolescents, Published Doctoral Thesis, Maltepe University Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.

-Gizir, C. (2007). A review study on resilience, risk factors and protective factors. Turkish Journal of Psychological Counseling and Guidance, 3(28), 113-128.

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