The Importance of Preparing Psychologically for Prenatal, Birth and Postpartum

Birth is not just the birth of a baby; It is the birth of a woman to motherhood and a man to fatherhood, so birth is a milestone period. Contrary to what is known, the psychohistorical story of human beings begins to take shape not at the time of birth, but before birth with the transferences that fall into the minds of his parents and from his ancestors.

The birth of a baby is not only a physiological act, it also contains many psychological factors. For this reason, it is very important to be prepared for birth psychologically as well as physiologically. If we divide this process into 3 groups; It is important to be prepared for the birth as a whole, since the prenatal pregnancy period, the moment of birth and the postpartum puerperium period, each area contains different physiological and psychological factors within itself.

Many unresolved conflicts from the past resurface during pregnancy; As the mother and father-to-be begin to create their own parenting processes, their past familial experiences also begin to fantasize. The birth story in the mother’s own family history, the effects of pregnancy experiences and perceptions on her own pregnancy process, emotions and thoughts suppressed since childhood, traumatic events, previous births, miscarriage if any, abortion, stillbirth stories, incomplete mourning processes, parental conflicts, birth This perception can be revealed during pregnancy and at the time of birth and can change the course of birth. In addition, designs related to the baby to be born, hormonal changes, physiological and psychological changes brought about by pregnancy; It can trigger anxiety about the baby, fear of the unknown of birth, or unresolved personal anxieties and fears in past experiences.

moment of birth; It is a field of complete surrender and trust, the control should turn inward and focus on the body and the baby without being in control. In this process, conflicts, fears, anxieties that were not studied before, negative factors originating from the external or internal mental processes of the person can activate the unconscious and prevent the progress of the birth, although there is no medical reason. .

With the birth of the baby, the postpartum period begins. How long your birth went as you wanted is a fundamental factor that will also affect your well-being after birth. It is expected that the state of worry and sadness, which is within the normal range, will not pass within 10 days. Studies show that; Conditions such as psychological distress during pregnancy, depression, anxiety, postpartum stress, problems with the spouse, inadequate postpartum support, concerns about child care, unplanned pregnancy, cesarean delivery, maternity blues are among the factors that increase the frequency of postpartum depression.

Although the spiritual field is ignored and postponed because it is an abstract concept, the state of mental well-being has a very important place in the antenatal pregnancy, at the time of birth and in the postpartum period. Although it is thought that the fetus is not affected by the troubles and anxieties experienced because it is in the mother’s womb; The fetus is a being that can see, hear and feel. Just as a pregnant mother’s smoking, drinking alcohol or consuming harmful foods are harmful to the baby, the mental processes of the mother can have effects on the baby.

The uterus is the baby’s first home, and what they learn and feel in this home is the first step of what they will learn about life. It should not be forgotten that; Just as our own birth story is a factor in shaping our personality, the birth story of the baby to be born is also very important in shaping its own psychohistorical story.

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