The Importance of Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) in Reproductive Health

Gynecology, Obstetrics and IVF Specialist Op. Dr. Seval Taşdemir talked about the importance of anti-mullerian hormone in reproductive health (AMH) for you.

Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is a type of glycoprotein found in both men and women. The name of this hormone, which provides sex differentiation, comes from here. It is secreted from follicles of 6 mm and smaller in the ovaries in women. This hormone, which begins to be secreted in the mother’s womb, continues to be secreted until the end of menopause. Although it is found in the body after menopause, it is at an immeasurably low level.

What is the AMH test used for?

The main use of the AMH test is to evaluate fertility in women. Apart from this, performing the AMH test for people with polycystic ovary syndrome gives information about the function of the ovaries. For men, it is used to measure testicular and reproductive functions in infants and children. The AMH test alone is not sufficient to assess whether a couple will have children naturally. It is performed together with FSH and E2 tests to obtain healthier results.

What happens if the AMH level is low?

The low level of the hormone as a result of the AMH test indicates that the number and quality of eggs in women are low. This means that fertility in women is reduced. Women with a low AMH result do not need to be pessimistic, but they need to use their time well. In women younger than 38 years of age, the AMH value should be between 2.0 and 6.8 ng/ml. AMH level less than 0.5 is considered very low, less than 1.0 is considered low, between 2.0 and 6.8 is normal, and higher than 6.8 is considered high. The AMH level is high, especially in people with polycystic ovaries, because there are many egg cells. In low ovarian reserve, the AMH limit is 1.0.

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