The Hidden Enemy in Our Body… Gum Inflammation

Gum diseases (also known as periodontal diseases) are infectious diseases that affect the gums and the tissues that support the teeth. Studies show that the majority of tooth loss is caused by gum diseases. These diseases do not give any noticeable symptoms before they reach a very advanced stage. Therefore, early diagnosis is important for the success of treatment. These diseases are usually slowly progressing, painless diseases that can be observed in children, growing individuals, adults and the elderly, and are one of the most common health problems in the world today, making it almost impossible to ignore with their effects on general body health and better understood.
is coming.

What is gingivitis (pyorea)?

Periodontitis or popularly known as ‘pyorea’ is the inflammation of the bone and gingival tissues surrounding the teeth. Since gingivitis affects not only the visible gingiva, but also the bone tissue, it is an uncontrolled gingival disease, resulting in the formation of caries-free and healthy teeth.
will cause it to wobble and pull.

Gum diseases also affect the general health of the individual by the inclusion of toxic products of bacteria into the systemic blood circulation. Recent studies have shown that individuals with gingivitis have an increased risk of developing some systemic diseases. As a result of these studies, it has been determined that gingivitis is associated with cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, some respiratory system diseases, and the risk of premature and low birth weight in pregnant women.

Do not underrate bleeding gums! 

While gingival bleeding is mostly a problem related to oral and dental health, some genetic diseases may also occur as an intraoral symptom of blood diseases. Treatment and prevention of gum diseases are very important for our health. As long as you protect your natural teeth, you can chew food more easily and ensure better digestion.

Periodontologist Dr.Dt. Lacin Berber, He stated that if gingivitis is not treated, it causes bigger and more important health problems, and that it is possible to save the teeth with treatment if it is not too late. Dr. Med.Dent. Laçin Berber,” Gingival bleeding is caused by gingivitis, which we call periodontal problems. Gingival bleeding due to gingivitis can be hereditary and environmental reasons. In terms of treatment planning, the level of the bone holding the tooth is important. First, its level is determined by panoramic x-ray. Bone
The form of treatment is determined according to the degree of melting,” he said.

What are the signs of Gum Disease? 

Gum diseases usually do not show symptoms until they reach advanced stages. The first symptom is bleeding. If there is spontaneous bleeding, the problem may have progressed. In untreated and advanced gum disease; a constant bad smell in the mouth, bleeding gums while brushing,
swelling, redness and sensitivity in the gums, swaying of the teeth, gaping between the teeth, inflammation between the teeth and the gums, differences in the contact of the teeth during biting, red and swollen gums, taste disorder in the mouth, retraction of the gums and exposure of the tooth root, itching
sensation (in the gums) symptoms are seen.

What are the causes of gum diseases?

The main cause of gum disease is usually bacterial plaque that forms on the teeth. The essential for a healthy mouth is to remove the bacterial plaque formed on the teeth with daily cleanings. If the bacterial plaque is not removed, it hardens and deposits called tartar.
occurs. Studies conducted to date have shown that there can be more than 500 different types of bacteria in dental plaque.

Some of these may directly or indirectly affect the body’s defense mechanism and cause destruction in the gingival and bone tissue supporting the teeth. Factors such as crowding in the teeth, gaps between the teeth, some anatomical formations in the teeth, some soft tissue anomalies, caries, overflowing or incomplete fillings, faulty prostheses, oral respiration and dry mouth can also cause the development of gum disease by facilitating the adhesion of plaque bacteria to the surfaces. Apart from this, other factors that may cause gingivitis; smoking, genetic factors, stress, drugs, teeth clenching and grinding, hormonal changes, hormonal diseases, malnutrition can be counted.

Periodontologist Dr.Dt Laçin Berber said, “If you smoke, if you are going through periods of abnormal changes in the body such as menopause, pregnancy, if you have diabetes, if you have a stressful life, if you use antidepressants and heart medications, if your oral care is inadequate, if you are clenching and grinding your teeth, if you have an incompatible prosthesis in your mouth. If there are fillings and fillings, if there are individuals in your family who lost their teeth at an early age: You may also be at risk in terms of gum diseases.

Treatment of Gum Diseases

Gum diseases are diseases that can be largely prevented and controlled. Treatments can be completed in one or more sessions depending on the degree of destruction of the disease, the amount of calculus, the general health status of the patient and the degree of oral care applied by the patient. The aim of gingival treatments is to eliminate gingival inflammation and the factors that cause it, and to maintain a healthy periodontal structure.
is to be created.

Healthy gingiva is light pink in color and has a firm consistency that does not bleed while eating a hard fruit or brushing the teeth.

Due to its importance in the development and treatment of gingival disease, the habits of individuals are evaluated during the gingival treatment process. Efforts are made to quit smoking. Consumption of sugary, sticky, acidic foods that will increase plaque uptake and/or provide a suitable environment for the development of bacteria is limited. By evaluating the stress level of the individuals, if there are teeth clenching habits and joint problems, night plaque applications are made. During these controls, the use of toothbrush, dental floss, interdental brush and tongue cleaners are also evaluated and incomplete and incorrect applications are detected and corrected.

The success and continuity of periodontal treatments are directly related to the individual oral care habits of the patient. Periodontologist Dr.Dt Laçin Berber said, “The first form of treatment is calculus cleaning. After the tartar is cleaned, if the deep tissues are too affected and there are infected tissue residues, the second stage, which we call curettage, is passed, and the last stage is to perform the operation if necessary,” he said. Stating that it should be known that uncontrolled and untreated gingival infections cause the loss of healthy teeth, Dr. Laçin Berber said, “First of all, general health, then the gums should be treated in order to keep the teeth in the mouth and to carry out all restorative applications on a healthy, non-inflamed basis. We can liken these treatments to reinforcing the infrastructure of a building.”

“Brush your teeth at least twice a day”

Periodontologist Dr.Dt Laçin Berber said, “Teeth must be brushed at least twice a day and auxiliary apparatus that cleans the interfaces such as interface brush and dental floss must be used.”

Brush your tongue too!!!

Laçin Berber, who stated that the things we eat and drink stick on the tongue, whose structure is deeply indented and protruding, emphasized the importance of brushing the tongue in every brushing.

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