Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening

Teeth over time, food, drinks (coffee, wine and tea) and lose their whiteness due to cigarette consumption. To correct this situation, teeth whitening can be done. Compared to porcelain veneers, teeth whitening is an easy, reliable, economical and more protective procedure because the teeth are not abraded.

Staining and discoloration of teeth

Teeth color is unique to the individual, such as eye color and hair color. The ratio of the elements contained in the tooth to each other determines the color of the tooth. The enamel surface has a structure with small holes that cannot be seen with the naked eye. The natural color of the tooth may change over time due to external factors.

Yellow and slightly brown discolorations that develop over time give the best results. Dark brown, blue-gray discolorations are hard-to-whiten discolorations located in the deepest structures of the tooth. This type of staining usually occurs as a result of the use of some antibiotics during the development of the tooth, and the number of teeth whitening sessions must be increased in order to achieve the desired result.

How is Teeth Whitening applied?

There are two types of treatment that can be chosen. The first of these is the method with faster results in your dentist’s office. (Office bleaching), the other is the method you will apply yourself in your home. (Home bleaching).

How is home bleaching done?

The home whitening method is also done under the supervision of the dentist. At the first appointment, the dentist takes measurements from the patient’s teeth and prepares a transparent plaque to be placed on the teeth with this measurement. This plaque, which is used by the person whitening at home, ensures the application of the whitening agent to the teeth of the patient and the protection of the gums.

How is office bleaching done?

The whitening process is done in a single session, but the session can be repeated if necessary. For this purpose, the gums are isolated and a whitening gel is applied on the teeth. laser or halogen to activate the gel, LED Special light sources such as Diode laser devices that activate the gel with the heat they give can be used for whitening. Even more reliably, hard tissue laser devices provide a very short and safe whitening without any heat to the teeth, as they provide superficial absorption.

It is possible to do the whitening process in the practice faster without damaging the teeth. With laser devices, whitening can be achieved in about 30 minutes without causing sensitivity. This laser wavelength provides only 100 micrometer absorption in the studied tissues and is absorbed in water. For this reason, it is absorbed in the top layer of the whitening gel, allowing the gel to be active immediately without going to the deep layer. This ensures that the process is accelerated and at the same time, no heat is generated in the tooth. Thus, post-process sensitivity is also minimized compared to alternative methods.

The bleaching process performed in the office lasts between 30 minutes and 1 hour on average. A few days after whitening, the color of the teeth takes its final form. The home-type bleaching process performed with gels placed on the plaques created with the measure taken in the practice gives results in 1-2 weeks compared to the gel.

In the whitening process with hard tissue lasers, pain does not occur as long as the gel does not reach the dentin and there are no microcracks in the enamel. In other methods, there may be very little sensitivity and this usually goes away within 24 hours. To eliminate this, your dentist can apply fluoride at the end of the whitening process.

The effect of teeth whitening usually varies between 1-2 years. If you do not smoke heavily, if you do not consume foods that will color the teeth, this period will be longer. In addition, if the bleaching process performed in the clinic is supported by the bleaching process performed at home every 3-6 months, the time can be extended.

Whitening agents are materials that are effective in enamel, the top layer of the tooth, and do not harm the enamel. If, for any reason, the tissue called dentin under the enamel is exposed in the tooth, this area should either be covered with a filling or isolated by the physician. Whitening agents should never be applied to dentin tissue. It is not always possible for the patient to notice the worn enamel tissue and the emerging dentin tissue. If the patient uses the whitening products in the markets without consulting the physician and the dentin is exposed, he may face persistent tooth sensitivity. For this reason, whitening agents must be used under the control of a dentist.

If there is a darker tooth between the white teeth than the other teeth, this tooth has lost its vitality or has had root canal treatment. With the whitening (devital bleaching) process to be performed on this tooth, the color of the tooth can be lightened. The whitening substance is placed inside the tooth by the dentist and the whitening substance inside the tooth is changed by the dentist at intervals of 1-2 days until the desired result is obtained. The result is usually excellent and takes an average of 1 week. In this type of whitening, it usually takes a long time for the color to return to its original color.

After bleaching, it is beneficial to stay away from foods that can color the teeth, such as tea, coffee, cigarettes, red wine, and cherry juice. Paying attention to general oral care will also prevent recurrence of discoloration.

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