Swine Flu

What is swine flu ( Swine flu ) ?
Influenza A(H1N1) virus from influenza type A group that causes disease in pigs in humans
is a respiratory disease. It is called pandemic flu. disease for the first time
It was seen in Mexico in April 2009, then in the USA, and then spread to many countries.

What is the difference from the flu (seasonal influenza) seen in winter months?
Influenza A(H1N1) virus is similar to other influenza viruses mostly seen in winter months.
features. The mode of transmission and symptoms of the disease are also similar. However, Influenza A(H1N1)
The virus is transmitted by a type change that we call mutation, which affects birds and pigs as well as humans.
It has a genetic trait that can make it more dangerous.

What are the symptoms?

• The symptoms of this flu are similar to the seasonal flu symptoms seen in humans.
• Fever (38 degrees and above)
• Cough,
• Throat ache,
• Widespread body pain,
• Headache,
• Chills – shivering
• Fatigue, feeling of weakness
• Vomiting and diarrhea can be seen.

Similar to seasonal flu, the severity of the disease can vary from mild to severe. Disease
especially the young and middle age group. Body resistance is low in those with chronic health problems
those are more severe.

Infectious!

Influenza A(H1N1) virus is contagious and like other seasonal flu viruses, it is easily spread from person to person.
can pass. It spreads from person to person, usually during coughing or sneezing, and contains viruses.
transmitted by droplets. It can be taken directly by handshaking, kissing, hugging and close contact.
It can also be taken from inanimate surfaces such as arm, table, chair, telephone, light switch, etc. by hands.

Diagnosis

PCR (Polymerase Chain) of the nasal swab with the standards defined by the World Health Organization
Diagnosis is made with the reactionpolymerase chain reaction test.

What should be done to prevent contamination?
Sick people are contagious one day before the onset of symptoms and up to 7 days after. This
rest and contact with other people should be limited.

Since it is transmitted from person to person through sneezing and coughing, it is appropriate to avoid contact with sick people.
It is a method of protection.

Masks should be worn if necessary.

Hand washing is also very important in protection. Touching the eyes, nose and mouth with dirty hands
may cause its spread. Wash hands with soap and water, especially after sneezing or coughing.
should be washed.

In places where water and soap cannot be reached, on the street, in public transport, in shopping centers,
alcohol-containing hand sanitizers can be used in schools.

When coughing or sneezing, the mouth and nose should be covered with a disposable tissue and then the tissue
should be discarded.

The place should be ventilated frequently.

Plenty of fluids should be taken, more food containing fresh fruits and vegetables should be consumed, good nutrition and rest should be taken.
attention should be paid.

Treatment recommendations of the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health;

Supportive treatment: Hospitalization in people with mild disease, if they are not in the risk group.
or antiviral treatment is not required.

Antipyretic – pain relievers, increased fluid intake and rest are recommended. antibiotics
It should not be used for prophylaxis.

Groups that require hospitalization and use of antiviral drugs;

Treatment of those in the risk group, serious or complicated cases is hospitalized and antiviral treatment is given.
Medication should be started as early as possible.

risk groups

• Pregnant women.
• Those whose disease progresses rapidly and severely.
• Those with pneumonia.
• Those with other underlying diseases.

Should swine flu vaccine be given?
Although this virus, which is currently an epidemic, is not dangerous, it will mutate in the future and change its type.
and the World Health Organization and Health
The vaccines prepared against the influenza A(H1N1) virus by the Ministry of Health, especially starting from the risk groups.
considers it beneficial.

What is Swine Flu (A/H1N1)?
Swine flu is a viral disease caused by type A (H1N1) virus, causing illness in humans. This
The virus is a mix of human, swine and avian viruses.

What are the Symptoms of Swine Flu (A/H1N1)?
It is similar to the seasonal flu symptoms seen in humans. These:

• Fire,
• Headache
• Throat ache,
• Cough,
• chills
• Widespread body pain,
• Tiredness
• Vomiting and diarrhea may also be seen in some cases.

Is Swine Flu (A/H1N1) Virus Contagious?
Swine flu A(H1N1) virus is contagious and passes from person to person

How Is Swine Flu (A/H1N1) Transmitted?
Swine flu is thought to spread in the same way as seasonal flu. Influenza viruses from humans
It is transmitted to humans through coughing and sneezing. After touching an infected area,
The disease can also be transmitted when hands are brought to the mouth or nose.

How Are People Diagnosed With Swine Flu?
As a result of testing the swab samples taken from the nose or throat in the laboratory environment.

diagnosis is made.

Who is the Risk Group to be Most Affected by Swine Flu?
Babies (under two years old), pregnant women, the elderly over 65, patients with chronic diseases, liver and
Those with kidney failure and people with weakened immune systems are the risk group to be most affected.
forms.

Is It Sufficient to Have a Seasonal Flu Vaccine to Prevent Swine Flu?
No.

Who Should Have the Swine Flu Vaccine?
Risk groups that are likely to have a severe infection are due to health personnel and swine flu.
People who will go to countries where deaths are common should have this vaccine.

Are There Medicines to Treat Swine Flu (A/H1N1)?
Yes. It can be used under the control of a doctor for the treatment of swine flu or to prevent this disease.
drugs are available. These drugs should never be used without a prescription unless recommended by a doctor.

Medication use affects the course of the disease
can alleviate and provide a faster recovery. In addition, serious complications
development is inhibited. Antiviral drugs within the first 2 days of onset of symptoms
must be started

How Long Are Infected People Contagious?
People are contagious the day before and up to 7 days after the onset of symptoms. This situation;
It can be expressed as approximately 7 days in adults and 12 days in children.

Conditions Requiring Emergency Medical Assistance in Children are as follows:

• Fever and severe cough in addition to flu-like symptoms
• Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing
• restlessness
• Bluish skin color
• Inability to wake up or respond to stimuli
• Not getting enough fluids
• rash

Conditions Requiring Emergency Medical Assistance in Adults are as follows:

• Sudden dizziness
• Blurring of consciousness
• Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
• Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
• Severe nausea and vomiting

Which Surfaces Are the Most Contamination Source?
By coughing and sneezing, the saliva particles of the sick person are spread into the air, such as chairs, tables.
can contaminate surfaces. After the person touches an infected area, put their hands in their mouth, eyes or
If you put it in your nose, you can get a virus. affecting how long the virus can survive on these surfaces.
There are many factors such as temperature, humidity, surface quality. This is the patient’s contact
surfaces should not be touched, if touched for any reason, hands should be washed.

Can Swine Flu (A/H1N1) Virus Be Transmitted from Water?
There were no signs of contamination with drinking, using and pool water.

What should be considered when cleaning the house and furniture?
To prevent the spread of the flu virus, clean surfaces (tables, doorknobs, bathroom surfaces, kitchen
countertops, toys, etc.) with detergents used in daily cleaning is sufficient. Daily
Apart from the cleaning agents we use, some such as chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, iodinated antiseptics and alcohol
Chemicals are also effective.

There is no need to wash the sheets, laundry, towels and crockery separately belonging to the patients. However, this
Items should not be used by anyone else without washing them. These sheets are as close to hand as possible.
should not be transported and washed. After changing the patient’s sheets and laundry, the hands must be
should be washed with soapy water. The utensils belonging to the patient are either in the dishwasher or by hand.
should be washed using

How Can We Protect Against Swine Flu (A/H1N1)?
Not only from the flu by taking the following precautions; from all respiratory diseases such as influenza
You can protect yourself:

• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing and sneezing. After using your handkerchief
then throw it in the trash
• Wash your hands with plenty of soap and water after coughing and sneezing. Hand wash containing alcohol
Antiseptics are also effective.
• Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your dirty hands.
• If you get swine flu, 7 days after the onset of symptoms or when your symptoms are completely gone.
rest at home until one day after
• Stay away from people around you in order not to transmit the disease.
• Ventilate your place frequently.

How should we wash our hands to prevent disease?
You should wash your hands with soap and water for 15-20 seconds. Alcohol in places where soap and water cannot be reached
You can use hand sanitizers containing

Swine Flu (A/H1N1)
Should We Be Doomed to the Blowing Panic Wind and Be Tossed; Or Should We Act As Conscious Individuals?

Understanding the importance of hygiene, which we need to pay attention to as individuals…

This is an important issue not only in “stormy” periods when diseases come to the fore, but in every moment of our lives.
It must have a place…
unfortunately, our careless cleaning habits… However, every individual pays a little more attention to personal hygiene.
When this happens, the negative examples that we will encounter socially will automatically decrease. Like this,
“The list of things to pay attention to”, which is indicated in large print in the headline of the agenda, is in our lives.
It will take place as our already existing fixtures…

What should we pay attention to as individuals?

Due to the developing technology and living conditions, the people of the 21st century live only in their own home and in a limited environment.
they cannot spend time with their close circle. active in life due to work conditions.
Today’s socialized people are also faced with possible health problems. Ourselves
Since we cannot protect ourselves in isolation from the dangers of life, what precautions can we take?
By eating healthy, cleaning rules from being a rule, turning them into our lifestyle, sports
by doing (do not necessarily have to be a member of sports centers! short walks, stairs instead of elevators)
such as using ..), harmful substances known to be harmful to the body and adversely affecting the immune system
not using (such as cigarettes, etc.).

When we get sick due to upper respiratory infection; by ventilating the environment we are in, plenty of liquid
by consuming the drugs recommended by our doctor regularly and resting during the illness,
as we take care of our own health; we have to be in crowded environments
by covering our mouth with disposable tissue paper while coughing or sneezing,
keeping one or two windows open in transport vehicles, if possible, and keeping our mouths open.
again by covering it with a disposable tissue paper and then washing our hands, the patient
When we are together, take a short break from our tradition of greeting (such as shaking hands, kissing, hugging).
by giving; We will take the necessary measures to prevent the disease from infecting other people.

Swine flu actually belongs to the Influenza A group, which is the cause of all flu cases, the typical flu.
microbe. However, since it is a new virus, unfortunately, the rate of spread is higher.

Because it is in the same group, it shows all flu symptoms in the same way. Does a person have swine flu or
Is it classic flu, but thanks to virus isolation (only done by specific centers)
we can understand. However, recent contact with a person known to have swine flu or traveling to such a country
If there is travel, it can be suspected.

Babies (under two years old), pregnant women, the elderly over 65, patients with chronic diseases, liver and

people with kidney failure, people with weak immune system, people with nutritional disorders, risky
forms the group.

These risky groups are dangerous for both classical flu and swine flu. Plenty of water intake, balanced and
regular nutrition, ventilation of the environment and paying attention to hygiene will protect us.
In addition, we cover our mouth and nose with disposable tissues when sneezing in order to prevent spread.
washing our hands frequently, not being in crowded environments when sick, being close to sick people
It will also be beneficial for us to take simple precautions such as not making contact.

Risk groups that are likely to have a severe infection are due to health personnel and swine flu.
It is beneficial for people who will go to countries with high mortality rates to have the swine flu vaccine.
It will not be enough to have a seasonal flu vaccine to protect against swine flu.

Medicines that can be used under the control of a doctor for the treatment of swine flu or to prevent this disease
available. These drugs should never be used without a prescription unless recommended by a doctor. Medicine
Its use can alleviate the course of the disease and provide a faster recovery. And also
It also prevents the development of serious complications. From the appearance of symptoms to antiviral drugs
It should be started within the first 2 days from In addition, rest, supportive food and medications can also be used.
however, risky groups should be hospitalized and treated.
“You will pay attention to all these and if you are in the risk group, you will get the flu vaccine and
you will never get sick!” Unfortunately, we cannot use the term. Because here is the statistical data
need to examine.

Unfortunately, the number of people lost from traffic accidents is more today… Maybe you didn’t get the flu.
but you can get involved in an accident at any time due to non-compliance with the traffic rules.
Nothing in life is absolutely guaranteed.

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