The sun, which is a source of life, heat, light and energy, once temples were built and sacrifices were made in its name, has taken its place on the agenda as a force to be avoided after its negative effects on the skin have been noticed for the last 30-40 years. A ruler whose star is the sun ”Leo”As a man, it is very difficult for me to write negative things about the sun, but my duty dictates that I write the truth.
The positive effect of sunlight on the skin is negligible. It is one of its positive effects that it kills some microbes and is good for some diseases such as psoriasis. But the most useful and most impressive aspect is the morale effect it gives with its warm and bright face and the opportunity to show off to our environment by showing how well we burn and where we spent our holiday. However, until the 1950s, those who worked only under the sun with tanned skin (construction worker, farmer, fisherman, etc.) seen and not very welcome. Burns on the face and lower arms or areas outside the athlete ‘worker burn’, located on the left arm ‘driver’s burn’located on the backs of the face and hands ‘farmer burn’it was called.
Decades after the tanned skin fashion, harmful effects emerged and began to be understood.
Ultraviolet in sunlight (ultraviolet) is responsible for the harmful effects on the skin. From all harmful effects in the beginning Ultraviolet B (UVB)Even though someone has been held responsible recently UVA It has also been noticed that, although at a lower strength, it has the same harmful effects. These effects are valid for the white race and the damage rate increases as the skin color becomes lighter.
When exposed to sunlight for many years, depending on the total dose taken, skin damage occurs, thinning, spotting is seen and then skin cancer occurs. These are most common on the face and lips. Intermittent and high doses, sudden sunburns (especially effective in childhood) paves the way for another skin cancer. With the formation of spots and moles on the skin, some of these moles become cancerous. Long-term, high-dose sunlight also weakens the body’s immune system. But, most importantly, it causes premature aging of the skin. The skin becomes thin, loose, matte, wrinkled, wrinkled, stained and easily damaged, which is unbearable.
Ways to Protect Against the Damages of the Sun
Principles to know:
- The sooner prevention starts, the better.
- Burns that will cause redness, blistering, peeling should never be caused.
- Dry and tightly woven clothing is good protection.
- In cloudy weather, in the shade, under umbrellas or eaves, more than 50% of the sun’s rays are filtered, reflected and again have their harmful effects.
- It is more affected in high places, at sea, on sand, on land.
- Sun protection for the face and hands should be done not only on vacation, on the beach, but also in daily life, when going out.
During the hours when the sun is steep, you should not stay in the sun with a swimsuit. These times are considered 2 hours before and after midday, but may vary by region. Practically, it would be appropriate to avoid between 11 and 15 o’clock.
Protective products in the form of creams or lotions are used to protect from the sun. These are graded according to their protection power and these grades are called ” sun protection factorStop.
(Sun Protecting Factor = SPF) There are products with protection factors ranging from 1 to 100. The important point in use is to apply the protector 20-30 minutes before going under the light and renew it at least every 3 hours. Although new products are water resistant to a certain extent, it is also beneficial to renew them after a long stay in the sea.