Changing environmental factors and direct exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays due to damage to the ozone layer are shown as the cause. Besides UV works;
Those with fair skin and a family history of skin cancer
Those who have too many nevi (nevi) and their different shapes and sizes
Those who are exposed to chemicals for a long time and those who work outdoors
The incidence of skin cancer is high in people with old burns or wounds that do not heal for a long time.
Types of skin cancer
There are 3 types of skin cancer
basal cell cancer
It is the most common skin cancer, usually seen in the head and neck region, in areas exposed to the sun and in advanced ages. It starts with crusting on the skin first, and in a long time it becomes bleeding and crusty. it usually does not spread to other parts of the body, it grows over the years where it is found.
squamous cell cancer
It is the most common skin cancer after basal cell cancer. It usually appears on the face, ears and lips, and may develop on the wound floor that does not close for a long time or on old burn scars. Compared to basal cell cancer, it grows faster and is in the form of a scaly and bleeding wound. If treatment is delayed, it can spread to other organs and is fatal.
It is the most dangerous of skin cancers. It starts as a dark mole or can start in an existing mole. Rapidly growing, painful, itchy, irregular lesions that change color and shape should be suspected. If diagnosed early, there is a chance for cure. But delayed cases are usually fatal.
How to protect from skin cancer:
The biggest factor in all skin cancers is sun rays. In particular, ulravioleA triggers the formation of skin cancer by creating DNA damage. Therefore, we can minimize this risk by using sunscreen with a protection factor of at least 30. Our children’s skin is particularly sensitive. It is reported that the incidence of skin cancer is increased in people with blistering sunburn in childhood. For this reason, protection from the sun between 11 and 15, when the sun is the most intense, will significantly reduce the formation of skin cancer.
Early detection is as important as preventing skin cancer. It is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor in cases where there is a wound that does not go away, crusts from time to time, bleeds from time to time, or the color and size of a previous mole changes, and some of the symptoms such as pain and itching are present. There is a widespread belief among the public, especially in rural areas, that if a knife touches such wounds or moles, it will turn into cancer. However, this is quite wrong, so many patients lose their chance of treatment.
Skin cancer treatment
The main treatment method in all three types of skin cancer is surgery. If the lesion is small, it is completely removed and sent for pathological examination. In large lesions, biopsies are performed first, and the surgical procedure is planned according to the pathology result. Especially basal cell and squamous cell cancers can be completely treated with surgery if detected early. In malignant melanoma, chemotherapy and interferon treatments are also used in addition to surgery.