summer depression

What is summer depression?

Seasonal affective disorder is a form of depression that occurs with the shortening of the days in autumn and winter each year. Generally, in the spring and summer months, as the days start to get longer, the complaints of individuals with seasonal depression improve. However, sometimes there is a type that occurs in the spring and summer seasons. Summer depression is rare compared to winter depression. Incidence %one Although the causes of summer depression are not known precisely, genetic factors, stress-related factors, a depressive process caused by a traumatic event in the past can be remembered again at the same time each year and cause seasonal depression. In recent years, research on biological effects (such as low secretion of the hormone melatonin)It shows that there will be depression in summer due to psychological and psychological factors.

Seasonal mood disorders are four times more common in women than in men. In addition, what we observe most in the clinic is that in summer depression as well as in major depression, people underestimate the disease by seeing it as a temporary depressed mood. We can compare the depression process to making a salad with a broken arm. The person continues his life with a reduced quality of life, but if this condition is not treated, it turns into a process that negatively affects the functionality of the person’s life.

What are the symptoms of summer depression?

Summer depression, which is a cyclical and seasonal condition, means that symptoms begin and end at the same time each year.

  • Anxiety ( worry, anxiety)

  • sleep problems, insomnia (insomnia)

  • Hypersensitivity, irritability

  • Agitation

  • weight loss

  • Anorexia

In summer depression, the person may begin to not enjoy life. Has difficulty in attention and concentration. The person is not interested in things that used to be happy. Fatigue, exhaustion, loss of energy, loss of motivation, lack of sexual desire, sleep disturbance, excessive irritability, emotionality, impatience, loss of appetite, weight loss or weight gain with excessive appetite can be seen. This can lead to introversion, aggression, devaluation of life and suicidal thoughts.

Your circadian rhythm (biological clock) may lead to depressive feelings due to increased wakefulness. In addition, the decrease in the level of serotonin in our body and especially the deterioration of the balance of the hormone that provides sleep patterns, which we call the hormone melatonin, may be among the reasons that trigger summer depression.

Due to the above reasons, regular and quality sleep should be paid attention in the summer months. If possible, walking briskly for 20 minutes 4 days a week is recommended because it increases the level of endorphins in the body. It is also very important to have a healthy and regular diet during the summer months.

Evaluation of a mental health professional is important for the diagnosis and treatment of summer depression. Psychotherapy and drug therapy are used in the treatment process.

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