You had no problem going to bed the night before, but when you woke up, you realized you couldn’t hear in one ear. And even a sound that you have difficulty describing does not go out of your ear. You say, ‘Should I say noise or ringing?’ What should we do, do we need to panic, should we go to a doctor right away, or should we wait for a while until it goes away? Come to what we call ‘idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss’ in medical language. sudden hearing lossLet’s take a look at what we know about ‘.
Sudden hearing loss, by definition, is a health problem that develops suddenly or progressively within three days and is characterized by hearing loss of 30 dB or more in at least three consecutive frequencies on audiological examination (hearing test). We call it a health problem because this ailment is not a disease on its own, on the contrary, it is a condition that can occur as the first symptom of many different diseases. Although many researchers, including myself, have published hundreds of clinical and experimental studies on this topic since it was first described 70 years ago, there is still no consensus on the exact cause, course and treatment of the disease. The fact that more than 50 treatment methods have been described in the literature so far must be an objective indicator of this confusion.
Although we are puzzled by the lack of consensus on its diagnosis and treatment, this is no reason to be pessimistic. Some of the information we have gives us peace of mind. The first is that about half of these patients recover spontaneously, without the need for any treatment. Secondly, the majority of patients who do not recover spontaneously with appropriate treatment methods can restore their hearing to their previous levels. The point to be underlined, Recognizing that sudden job loss is an emergency is necessity. In the words of our old teachers, ‘Sudden hearing loss is an infarct of the ear.’ Therefore, it would be appropriate to reach an Ear Nose and Throat Specialist as soon as you are noticed. Symptoms of sudden hearing loss felt by the patient, tinnitus, decreased hearing, ear fullnessor fullnesssentimental, dizzinessor imbalance may feel. Of course, these symptoms are external ear infection or accumulation of ear secretions in the external auditory canal ( ear wax, wax, plug It can also occur due to much more common and much simpler pathologies such as ). When ‘Sudden Hearing Loss’ is detected by a hearing test performed in a patient presenting with one or more of these symptoms, studies on diagnosis and treatment methods are immediately started. Today inner ear tomographyand magnetic resonance examination Although we have advanced and detailed examination possibilities, no cause can be determined in 90% of these patients. Various experimental studies have shown that hearing loss whose cause cannot be found in this way is due to previous viral upper respiratory tract infections, vascular problems or pathologies affecting the immune system. From this point of view, patients steroids( cortisone are hospitalized to be treated with a group of drugs, including Steroid therapy can be given systemically, as well as in-ear applications. The current main treatment approach is steroids. systemicand inner ear includes the application. Combination use of blood thinners, blood-enhancing drugs and immune-enhancing drugs may also be possible.
I wish you all a healthy hearing…
Prof. dr. This article, written by Haldun OĞUZ, was published in the February 2007 issue of Volume magazine and edited for the website in August 2015.

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