We call stress the reaction of the body to the threats it sees around it. These reactions can be physical or psychological. In some cases, problems can occur with both. A person under stress first experiences an alarm situation within himself. Our pupils begin to dilate. Blood pressure rises and muscles begin to tense. Then the person goes into the resistance stage. At this stage, it is tried to adapt to the situation entered into. Finally, the person begins to progress towards the exhaustion stage. After the situation that cannot be adapted here, the person starts to get tired and the level of resistance begins to decrease gradually.
Stress can come with many different symptoms. When we look at the physical symptoms, conditions such as palpitation, headache, shortness of breath, trembling of the hands, insomnia and exhaustion may occur. On the other hand, in our emotional symptoms, we may tend to be restless, nervous, anxious, angry and aggressive in our daily life. While all these are happening, situations such as forgetfulness, indecision, mental stagnation, and focusing on the negative may occur in our minds. When we look at the attitudes and behaviors of a stressed person, we can see that he turns into an individual who is aggressive, tense, alone, indifferent to life, unable to enjoy life, and has difficulty in making decisions.
In daily life, many situations in physical, psychological and social sense can cause stress. The fact that the weather is extremely hot and suffocating, we experience a negative situation and collapse emotionally, some problems arising from business life can be given as examples of the causes of stress. In addition to these, financial issues, age and lifestyle of the person can cause stress. This situation is not only a stress experienced, but can lead to many ailments. The person may experience problems such as depression, sleep disorder, stress-induced alcohol and substance abuse, and consuming too much cigarettes.
We can list what can be done when coping with stress under the headings of thoughts and behaviors. It is very important how a person handles the situation when he is stressed. It should be kept in mind that this is a natural process and that it is a problem that can be encountered in all areas of life. In this case, the person finds it very difficult to see the positive. When he experiences a negative situation, negative thoughts always start to appear in his mind. However, when we consider this situation concretely and apply the evidence analysis method in psychology, most people begin to see that the situation they live in is not actually the case and gain a new perspective. We can say physical exercise as another coping method. Regular exercise relieves the tension of the individual and makes him feel better. Hobbies help to reduce the stress level because it directs attention to the things we love and give us pleasure. Regular and healthy nutrition is also an application that helps to reduce the level of stress. In addition to these, progressive relaxation exercises and deep breathing meditation are behavioral interventions that make a good contribution to the reduction of stress levels, among the applications that can be used in psychotherapy and that can be done by providing psychoeducation. In situations where stress cannot be coped with, it is very important to get expert opinion and expert support.