Stress and Coping with Stress
What is Stress?
In the broadest sense, the word stress is defined as demands that disrupt the harmony of the person and force his capacity in the individual-environment interaction.
Is Stress Harmful?
Stress has a negative side that drains our mental and physical resources, and it can also help us discover ourselves, use our potential, and grow. Having a mild general arousal level in terms of emotion has the effect of arousing interest in the work to be done. So some stress is also necessary for our normal functions. However, intense and prolonged stress can have negative physiological and psychological effects.
What are the Problems Caused by Stress?
1. Physiological Problems:Increased heartbeat, palpitations, hot flashes, dizziness, shortness of breath, difficulty in swallowing in the throat, tremor, headache, tension in the stomach and muscles, indigestion, fatigue.
2.Mental and Emotional Problems: Since stress and tension cause excessive energy consumption, after a while, the individual may become weak, weak, feeling that something bad will happen at any moment, feeling anxious for an unknown reason, suffering from insomnia, irritable, and easily excited. He may have difficulty concentrating, have memory problems, and may worry that he has forgotten the things he has learned. Things that can be done easily cannot be done, power may turn into obstacles and tend to delay or hinder the works.
3. Behavioral Problems: Introversion, excessive addiction to a substance (cigarette, alcohol, etc.), clumsiness, difficulties in relaxation can be seen. Intense stress also negatively affects the work efficiency of the individual.
Effective Ways to Cope with Stress
By managing time well, using problem solving techniques, avoiding over-generalizations, developing interpersonal relationships and social activities,
We can cope with stress more easily by engaging in physical activities, eating a balanced diet, learning and practicing relaxation exercises, and visualizing.
Time management: In the beginning, time, the only resource that we all have equally, can be successfully managed by people who show determination in time management. In order to manage time, it is necessary to make a realistic program that is suitable for the person’s capacity and personality traits. If the programs are to cover only the tasks that must be done in terms of content, the program will most likely not work. In order to make an effective program, besides the obligations, regular sleep, breaks, entertainment, rest, social activities and activities that can be an alternative to possible changes should also be included in the program. Like being able to exercise in the room if the planned walk cannot be done because of the rain.
Ineffective Ways to Cope with Stress
Substance Abuse: Smoking or alcohol is a frequently used relaxation tool. When the individual encounters a stressful situation, he may automatically turn to these substances. However, the harms of alcohol and cigarettes to health are much higher than the damage caused by stress in the first place. It is a stress factor in itself because it causes physiological and psychological dependence in the long term.
• Overeating:While initially comforting, such behavior can become an additional source of stress on its own or due to weight gain.
• Uncontrolled Shopping:If shopping, which is started with the aim of valuing himself and being able to innovate, becomes uncontrollable, the individual may experience more intense stress by deferring his wishes and needs after a while due to debt.
• Introversion: Some individuals may withdraw and become withdrawn in response to stress. He can avoid facing his problems by becoming passive. He can get out of the way, completely ignoring his problems. Even if he stays away from the stressful event in the beginning, the problem is not resolved.
• Overreacting: Negative exposure to minor disappointments or changes can occur through overreacting. Temper tantrums towards others, being hurtful, worrying, etc. are some of them. As this behavior becomes a habit, it may make the individual more prone to stress, as it will isolate the individual.
• Spool: The individual may not react at all in the face of stress and may throw the distress into himself. When these accumulations become unbearable, they can react very violently to events that they will not react at all. As accumulation pushes the capacity, the individual may become more stressed.