Stem cell applications in orthopedics

A stem cell is a functionally undifferentiated progenitor cell that has not functioned in any organ or tissue of the body. The most important feature is that they are the precursor cells of all cells in the body. It is the ability to transform into cells in the body in appropriate environments and with appropriate stimuli. Thanks to this feature, stem cells are used to create healthy and functional cells instead of diseased or damaged cells.

In the light of developing technology in recent years, these cells are used in the treatment of various diseases after these cells are obtained from the human body by some special methods. In the treatment, the person’s own stem cells are obtained from himself with special methods. Here, the person’s adipose tissue or bone marrow is used as a source. Obtained stem cells are delivered to sufficient density and number for treatment with special methods.

These stem cells, which carry the unique genetic identity of the person obtained, are applied to the damaged and diseased tissue. This method, which is used with interest in the world and in our country, is applied according to scientific foundations. Patient follow-up results of 4-5 years are satisfactory. The diseases in which stem cell therapy is applied in musculoskeletal system diseases are mainly as follows;

 Osteoarthritis (Joint calcifications)

 Cartilage damage

 Osteonecroses and avascular necrosis (bone death)

 Bone union problems and fracture treatment

 Diabetic foot, non-healing wounds

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