Speech Problem in Children

Psychological Characteristics of a 2-Year-Old Child

The age of 2 is an age period in which attempts to become independent are seen, together with the acquisition of mobility and speaking skills. 2-year-old child, on the one hand, continues to depend on the mother, on the other hand, likes to act on his own.

He slowly begins to relate to strangers and peers. A sense of independence is very important, and this trait is seen in all skills.

The 2-year-old is stubborn, always clingy, active and curious, messes around, has a negative, indecisive and rebellious attitude. He wants to do everything himself. He gets angry when his work is restricted or not allowed. He is in constant conflict with his parents. She does the opposite of what she is told.

At the age of 2, a happy, calm, easy-to-manage and obedient child suddenly becomes a grumpy, indecisive, unhappy, often crying and disobedient child.

Language development

The speech of the 2-year-old child has started to be understood by foreigners. Vocabulary grows rapidly. He understands more than he uses. The child first learns object names, then verbs. Then he puts 2 words together and starts to form sentences. He often asks questions to get to know the outside world and enrich his vocabulary.

The development of vocabulary is important for the social and emotional development of the child. The child who has difficulty in expressing himself has difficulty in establishing social relations, especially in relations with his peers, and is excluded.

Factors Causing Speech Problems

Health: Severe and long-lasting illnesses can delay language development. Fulfilling every wish of the child before he is given the opportunity to express his wishes due to illness delays speech development.

Intelligence: It is thought that the sounds a child makes before the age of 2 are not related to intelligence, and that language development at the age of 2 is directly proportional to the development of intelligence.

Gender: Boys’ language development lags behind that of girls. They use shorter sentences than girls. Their vocabulary is also more limited than that of girls.

Family Relationships: A healthy mother-child relationship positively affects language development. Talking to the child, reading to him, playing games with him enable the child to use the language properly and effectively.

Encouragement of Speaking: In order for language to be used as a means of communication, the child must feel it as a need. It is seen that the language development of children, whose every wish is understood and fulfilled without being given the opportunity to express their wishes, lags behind their peers.

Genetic Factors: If one or more of the family members such as father, uncle, uncle, first-degree cousin have a late speech problem, it can be thought that the speech problem in the child is caused by a genetic predisposition.

Developmental Problems: In cases where language development is affected, such as pervasive developmental disorder or autism, the child either does not speak at all or cannot use language effectively.

Television: Spending a long time in front of television, especially images with fast transitions such as commercials and clips, cause language development to be delayed.

Neurological Problems: Some problems in the speech center of the brain also cause problems in speaking and using language effectively.

What Can Be Done Against Speech Problem?

First of all, it is necessary to find the source of the speech problem. If the speech problem is caused by the attitudes of the parents, that is, if the child is not given sufficient opportunity to use the language effectively, the parents do not communicate with the child much, do not talk, do not read a book, do not play games, and if the child spends a lot of time in front of the television, then this is the case.

  • To increase the duration and quality of the parent-child relationship,

  • Limiting the child’s relationship with television,

  • Playing games that support language development,

  • Looking at picture books together

  • It is necessary to make speech become a necessity.

In addition to language development, it is necessary to seek help from a specialist in cases where there is a delay in mental, motor and psycho-social development areas, and behaviors such as not making eye contact, not responding to the name, turning around, swinging.

Attitudes Supporting Language Development

  • Tell him about the things you do while dressing, eating, playing games.

  • Make sure they are together with their peers.

  • Make sure to use correct sentences while speaking. Do not use baby words.

  • Create opportunities for her to verbalize her wishes.

  • Don’t force him to talk, motivate him.

  • Look at picture books and describe what you see.

  • Sing short songs. Ask him to imitate your gestures and facial expressions.

  • Name the people you see in the photo album.

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