Speech and Language Therapy from a General Perspective

As a speech and language therapist, he is a professional who deals with the pathological conditions that can be encountered throughout the life of a person related to communication, language and speech, that is, after birth. In other words, there may be errors, mistakes or some problems that start from the early period and come with birth, as well as some problems that may occur after the person develops his language and speaking skills in the future, he is a professional who deals with them.​ ​

What is the Babylonian period?

Speech, like other developmental stages, follows a developmental process. No child begins to speak as soon as he is born. We begin to learn the language in the womb, and with birth, our receptive language begins to develop gradually. We start to make some sounds at 6 months after birth. babbling period we say. Around the age of one, one-word printouts begin to form. There is rapid development between the ages of 1-2, the number of words is gradually increasing. When we reach the age of 2, we can say that we start to talk slowly. We expect children around the age of two to produce close to 100 words. Speech development is followed by adding grammatical topics to speech around the age of 2-3.

So when and in what situations should we consult the relevant specialist?

If the child does not look at the sound after birth, does not display a behavior to communicate, does not make eye contact, starts to speak in a way that only the mother can understand, or if there are incorrect pronunciations, stuttering, repetitions during speech, if we do not have any words yet around the age of 2, or if he is progressing behind his peers, he can not speak a language immediately. and should see a speech therapist.

According to the developmental period, we recommend that they receive support training from a speech and language therapist if they do not gain the expected momentum in their development. ​ ​ ​ ​

What is the importance of early diagnosis?

Early diagnosis is of great importance for the efficiency and development of therapy. The families said, “Let’s wait, his father also spoke late, oh dear

Without making judgments like “it’s too small”, getting support immediately will increase the efficiency of the therapy and will ensure that the therapy ends earlier.

Many factors can play a role in the cause of language and speech problems. Organic problems such as difficulties encountered before or during birth, chromosomal problems, hearing loss, visual impairment, and intellectual disability can cause speech delay. Apart from this, lack of environmental stimuli, family attitudes, pervasive developmental disorder, autism, etc. Children with cleft lip and palate, as well as factors affecting both organic and developmental processes, cause delays in speech development or cause speech problems.

Problems that may affect speech are primarily dealt with by speech therapists within the framework of counseling and then with therapeutic interventions.

​ ​ If you want to give some examples of speech problems…

For example, delayed language and speech; When you reach a certain age, you now express yourself through speech, you expect children to start talking slowly between 18-24 months. A delay here can be an issue. You may have problems with pronouncing some sounds, such as changing the place of sounds, not being able to pronounce sounds properly, or some t-tt tt-stuttering problems called stuttering while speaking.

The quality of your voice may deteriorate, you may not be able to fully recover your breathing, or you may lose your voice in the following periods, problems may occur in the vocal cords due to some bad habits (nodules, polyps, etc.), laryngeal diseases or even some problems leading to cancer.

In the following periods, you may lose your ability to speak and your ability to read and write due to the trauma of the center of speech due to cerebral palsy, of course, there are some developmental problems and individuals with special needs. Hearing-impaired, mentally retarded, spastics, etc. It is a professional group that provides support training to them as well.

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