Social Phobia

It is the anxiety that a person has about social environments. Its prevalence is between 5% and 10% worldwide. It can be seen twice as often in women than in men. The typical age of onset in social phobia is defined as 11-15.

In social phobia, the person thinks that he will do something that will embarrass his cat, and he is worried that this behavior will cause him to be humiliated. He thinks that this fearful and anxious state will be noticed by other people and that he will be judged negatively for this reason.

People with social phobia:

They have intense anxiety in situations such as meeting new people, speaking in front of authority, performing, talking on the phone in crowded environments, eating in a crowded environment, and using public toilets.

When the person is worried, he or she shows symptoms such as tremor, palpitations, dry mouth, tension, hot flashes, and facial flushing. These anxiety symptoms can also manifest as a panic attack triggered by a performance situation from time to time.

Avoidance Behavior

The person begins to avoid situations that trigger his anxiety and fear in social environments, or he is in these environments by putting up with his anxious state. With the avoidance behavior, the person cannot face his fear and cannot see what will happen as a result. For this reason, avoidance behavior causes fear to consolidate and persist. As the person avoids the feared environment, his fear grows and becomes a cycle that negatively affects the flow of life.

Intervention with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive distortions in the person are handled at three levels as before the event, during the event and after the event. First, by working with automatic thoughts, the person’s thoughts that are not based on real foundations are questioned. Afterwards, this situation is followed by finding and intervening intermediate beliefs and basic beliefs in the person.

In the behavioral dimension, the method of exposure to the person is applied. Before this method, the person is prepared in the cognitive dimension. The person is taught relaxation exercises. With the exposure method, it is expected that the conditioned fear will be replaced by the relaxation response. The person is taught what anxiety is and how to manage it. In addition to these, the person is given social skills training.

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